The comparison in daily intake of nutrients, dietary habits and body composition of female college students by body mass index

  • Ko, Myung-Soo (Department of Bio Science, Silla University Korea Food & Drug Administration)
  • Published : 2007.06.20

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in the body composition, dietary habits, daily intake of nutrients and clinical blood indices in female college students by body mass index of normal weight, overweight and obese. The subjects of this research were 141 respondents of a survey carried out on students, and subjects were given 60 minutes to answer questionnaires, by recording their own answers. The average heights and weights of subjects by BMI were 162.17 cm, 52.73 kg in normal weight group, 162.35 cm, 62.22 kg in overweight group and 161.72 cm, 69.82 kg in obesity group, respectively. As for the survey daily of meals, starving breakfast and kind of snacks of subjects were significantly different among the groups by BMI. In animal protein food intakes, meat intake was the highest 'every day' food consumed by subjects, and there was a significant difference in distribution of BMI among subjects. Fruits, and greenish and yellow vegetables intakes were the highest 'every day' foods indicated by the normal weight group. Consumption of carbonated beverages and juices showed a significant difference among groups by BMI. The average of total-cholesterol was the overweight group was the higher value. There was a significant difference in diastolic blood pressure and systolic blood pressure among the groups by BMI. Average daily calories intake levels were insufficient and the intake ratio of carbohydrates, protein, and fat was the normal weight group 68 : 17 : 15, the overweight group 64 : 18 : 18 and the obese group 73 : 14 : 13. Results of the daily vitamin intake analyses displayed riboflavin, niacin, vitamin C, and folic acid levels lower than the RI levels. Fe intake was the normal weight group 81%, overweight group 76%, obese group 59% of the RI level. Therefore, it is necessary for college students to establish regular meals, good quality snacks and consuming more vitamin and mineral nutritions for optimal health conditions.

References

  1. Bray GA (1979). In Obesity in America. NIH publication No., pp. 79-359, p.1-19. Maryland. USAi
  2. Byun KW & Choi HM (1994). Serum Lipid and Lipoprotein Levels of College Students aged 18 to 26 Years. Korean Journal of Lipidology 4:29-40
  3. Chang HS & Kim MR (2003). A study on the anthropometry and health-related lifestyle habits of women college students in kunsan. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 8:526-537
  4. Chang NS (1996). Changes in dietary habits of adults with middle and upper income levels in Seoul. Korean Journal of Nutrition 29:547-558
  5. Cho HS (1997). A study on college students dietary behavior and consciousness of Korean Traditional food in Junlanamdo. Korean Journal of Dietary Culture 12:301-308
  6. Choi MK, Jun YS & Kim AJ (2001). A survey on dietary behavior and nutrient intake of smoking male college students in Chungnam area. Korean Journal of Dietary Association 7:248-257
  7. Chung SH & Chang KJ (2002). A comparison between food and nutrition major, and non-major female university students in terms of their serum iron. Korean Journal of Nutrition 35:952-961
  8. Han MJ & Cho Ha (1998). Dietary habit and perceived stree of college students in Seoul area. Korean Journal of Dietary Culture 13:317-325
  9. Hermann JR (1990). Effect of cooperative extension nutrition and exercise program for older adults on nutrition knowledge, dietary intake, anthropometric measurements & serum lipids. J Nutr Educ 22:271-274 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3182(12)80106-3
  10. Hong SM, Bak KJ, Jung SH, Oh KW & Hong YA (1993). A study on nutrient intakes and hematological status of female college students of ulsan city -1. emphasis on serum lipids-. Korean Journal of Nutrition 26:338-346
  11. Hyun WJ (2001). The relationship between obesity, lifestyle, and dietary intake and serum lipid level in male university students. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 6:162-171
  12. Kang WC (1998). Changing Patterns of Disease in Korea. Korean Journal of Nutrition 21:139-145
  13. Kang YJ, Hong CH & Hong YJ (1997). The prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity over the last 18 years in Seoul area. Korean Journal of Nutrition 30:832-839
  14. Kim AJ, Chang OJ, Kim HK, Kim SK, Kim JH, Chi HY & Kim SY (1998). Relationship of serum chrominum with serum lipids and blood glucose level in rural college Women. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 31:977-985
  15. Kim BR, Han YB & Chang UJ (1997). A study on the attitude toward control, diet behavior and food habits of college students. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 2:530-538
  16. Kim JH, Ahn HJ & Lee SE (2003). Body composition, food intake and clinical blood indices of female college students. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 8:977-985
  17. Kim KH (2003). A Study of Dietary Habits, the Nutritional Knowledge and Consumption Patterns of Convenience Foods of University Students in the Gwangju Area. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 8:181-191
  18. Kim KK, Kang HJ & Kim KW (1999). A study of weight reduction attempt, psychosocial status, nutrition behavior and related factors among females university students. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 1:108-118
  19. Kim KN & Lee KS (1996). Nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes, and food behaviors of college students. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 1:89-99
  20. Kim MK (2000). Serum Lapids by Gender, Age and Lifestyle in Korean Adults. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 5:109- 119
  21. Kim OH & Kim JH (2006). Food Intake and Clinical Blood Indices of Female College Students by Body Mass Index. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 11:307-316
  22. Kim YH & Paik HY (1994): Relationship between dietary fatty acids, plasma lipids, and fatty acid compositions of plasma and RBC in young korean females. Korean Journal of Nutrition 27:109-117
  23. Korean Nutrition Society (2005). Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans. Hanareum Printing, Seoul. Republic of Korea
  24. Korean Statistical Information Homepage. www.nso.go.kr. Accessed on 02/23/2007
  25. Korean Society for the Study of Obesity (2000). The Asia-pacific perspective: Redefining obesity and it's treatment. Seoul. Republic of Korea
  26. Lee HB & Yu YS (1995). A study on lunch meal practice of the college students in Seoul area. Korean Journal of Dietary Culture 10:147-154
  27. Lee HS, Lee JA & Paik JJ (1998). A study of food habits, physical status and related of college students in Chuncheon. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 3:34-43
  28. Lee JH & Chang KJ (2002). Regional differences in food intake and diversity among Korean college students of a nutrition education course through the internet. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 8:41-52
  29. Lee JH & Chang KJ (2003). The Relationship between the Diversity of Food Intake and Nutritient Intake among Korean College Students Participating in a Nutrition Education Class via the Internet. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 8:689-698
  30. Lee Ms, Lee JW & Woo MK (2001). Study on the factors influencing food consumption by food frequency questionnaire of university students in Taejon. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 6:172- 181
  31. Lee MS & Woo MK (1999). Changes in food habit, nutritional knowledge and nutrition attitude of university students during nutrition course. Korean Journal of Nutrition 32:735-745
  32. Lee MS & Woo MK (2003). Differences in the Dietary and Health-Related Habits and Quality of Diet in University Students Living in Daejeon. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 8:33-40
  33. Lee KA (1999). A comparison of eating and general health practices to the degree of health consciousness in Pusan college students. Korean Journal of Food and Nutrition 28:732-746
  34. Lee YN, Lee JS, Ko YM, Woo JS, Kim BH & Choi HM (1996). Study on the food habits of college students by residents by residences. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 1:189-200
  35. Mun SJ, Yoon HJ, Kim JH & Lee YJ (1998). A study on the perception and consumption pattern of convenience foods by Korean college students. Korean Journal of Dietary Culture 13: 227-239
  36. Na HB, Kim HJ & Choi KS (2003). Correlation between BMI and Physical Fitness of College Women in Seoul. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 5:29-36
  37. National Reserch Council (1997). Dietary reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. National Academy Press. Washington, DC. USA
  38. Ministry of Health andWelfare (2002). Report on 2001 National Health and Nutrition Survey. USA
  39. Park HS, Lee HO & Sung CJ(1997). Body image, eating problems and dietary intakes among female college students in urban area of Korea. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 2:505-514
  40. Park MS & Kim SA (2005). Effect of nutrition education on improving diet behavior of university students. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 10:189-195
  41. Rogers AE & Conner MW (1986). Alcohol and cancer. Adv Exp Med Biol 206:473-495
  42. Ryu HK & Yoon JS (1999). A study of perception about body image in adolescent females. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 4: 554-560
  43. Salaspuro M (1993). Nutrient intake and nutritional status in alcoholics. Alcohol 28:21-26
  44. Shim JE, Paik HY, Moon HK & Kim YO (2001). Comparative Analysis and Evaluation of Dietary Intakes of Koreans by Age Groups: (1) Nutrient Intakes. Korean Journal of Nutrition 34: 554-567
  45. Slette PL & Story M (1997). Child nutrition: Objectives for the decade. J Am Diet Assoc 91:665-668
  46. Wattigney WA, Harsha DW, Srinivassan SR, Webber LS & Berenson GS(1991). Increasing impact of obesity on serum lipids and lipoprotein in young adults. the bopgalusa heart study. Arch Inter Med 151:2017-2022 https://doi.org/10.1001/archinte.151.10.2017
  47. WHO (World Health Organization) (1994). Assessment of Fracture Risk and its Application to screening for Postmenopausal Oteoporosis. Technical Report Series 843. World Health Organization, Geneva. Switzerland