Thermal Degradation Kinetics of Tocopherols during Heating without Oxygen

무산소 가열시 토코페롤의 열분해 키네틱스

  • 정혜영 (경원대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2007.06.30

Abstract

The thermal degradation kinetics of alpha-, gamma- and delta-tocopherols was studied during heating at 100, 150 200 and 250$^{\circ}C$ for 5, 15, 30 and 60 min in the absence of oxygen. The tocopherols were separated by HPLC using a reversed phase ${\mu}$-Bondapak C$_{18}$-column with two kinds of elution solvent system in a gradient mode. The kinetics for degradation of ${\alpha}$-, ${\gamma}$- and ${\delta}$-tocopherols was analyzed as a function of temperatures and times. The degradation of tocopherols was described by the first-order kinetics in the absence of oxygen. The rate of tocopherols degradation was dependent on heating temperatures. The degradation rate constants for ${\alpha}$-, ${\gamma}$ and ${\delta}$-tocopherols showed an increasing trend as the heating temperature increased. The magnitude order of the experimental activation energy was ${\delta}$->${\gamma}$->${\alpha}$-tocopherol.

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