Nutritional Characteristics and Bioactive Components Contents of Flos Sophora Japonica

괴화(槐花)의 식품영양학적 접근 및 생리활성물질 함량분석

  • Park, Sung-Jin (Department of Bio-Food, Hallym College) ;
  • Chung, Byung-Hee (Division of Food Biotechnology, School of Biotechnology, Kangwon University) ;
  • Choi, Young-Su (Division of Food Biotechnology, School of Biotechnology, Kangwon University) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Dai (Division of Food Biotechnology, School of Biotechnology, Kangwon University) ;
  • Park, Sung-Hye (Department of Diet & Health Care, Graduate School of Industrial Technology, Myungji University)
  • 박성진 (한림성심대학 바이오식품과) ;
  • 정병희 (강원대학교 BT특성화학부 식품생명공학전공) ;
  • 최영수 (강원대학교 BT특성화학부 식품생명공학전공) ;
  • 김종대 (강원대학교 BT특성화학부 식품생명공학전공) ;
  • 박성혜 (명지대학교 식품양생학과)
  • Published : 2007.02.25


The purpose of this study is to determine the possibility of using Flos Sophora japonica as natural health food source. To accomplish this purpose, the contents of general and antioxidative nutrients of Flos Sophora japonica a were measured. The contents of carbohydrate, crude protein, crude lipid and ash are 67.76%, 19.87%, 4.61% and 7.76%. And the calories of Flos Sophora japonica Linne was 318.32 Kcal. Total dietary fiber was 25.35% of total carbohydrates. The percentages of water soluble dietary fiber to insoluble dietary fiber were 1.80 % and 23.56 %, respectively. The protein were contained total 18 different kinds of amino acids. The contents of non-essential and essential amino acids were 4,898.78mg and 5,953.51mg. The K was the largest mineral followed by Ca, P and Mg, which means Flos Sophora japonica Linne is alkali material. The contents of saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids were 29.69%, 34.93% and 35.38%. Therefore, the amount of the total unsaturated fatty acid was higher than that of any other plant. The content of vitamin C in Flos Sophora japonica Linne was higher than that of any other plant, which suggest that it could increase blood elasticity. The content of rutin, which is responsible for capillary vessel permeability, was 22.60%. The contents of water soluble antioxidative materials in 1 mL of water-extracted Flos Sophora japonica Linne were 3.9 ${\mu}$g which is comparable to 1233.0 mmol of vitamin C in antioxidant effect. The general nutrients and other antioxidatant bioactive materials in Flos Sophora japonica Linne were also potential materials for good health food. It is expected that follow up study of Flos Sophora japonica Linne through developing processed food and evaluation of their functional properties would provide useful information as a source of medicinal foods.



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