Measurement of Uptake Rates of Internal Organs Including Thyroid Gland and Daily Urinary Excretion Rates for Adult Korean Males

한국남자 성인을 대상으로 한 방사성옥소($^{131}I$)의 갑상선 및 각 장기별 잔류율과 소변 일일배설률 측정

  • Kim, Jung-Hoon (College of Advanced Technology Dept. of Nuclear Engineering Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Kim, Hee-Geun (Korea Electric Power Research Institute) ;
  • Whang, Joo-Ho (College of Advanced Technology Dept. of Nuclear Engineering Kyung Hee University)
  • Published : 2007.06.30

Abstract

In this study, uptake rates of internal organs and daily urinary excretion rates were measured to get more reliable estimation results for Korean. Radioactive iodine($^{131}I$) of $100{\mu}Ci$ was administered by ingestion to 28 adult males for the experiment and then the radioactivity in thyroid gland, liver, stomach, small intestine, kidneys, and urine was measured after time intervals of 2, 4, 6 and 24 hours. Uptake rates of each organ and daily urinary excretion rates were calculated on the basis of these experimental results. As a result, uptake rates of 19.70% for thyroid and daily urinary excretion rates of 71.12%, on the average, were indicated. The maximum of uptake rates and daily urinary excretion rates were recorded after 2 hours of administration of $^{131}I$, but those rates were decreased gradually later. It was also found that uptake rates were the highest in stomach, followed by the left kidney, liver, small intestine and right kidney except for thyroid gland. In this experiment, the calculated uptake change rate in thyroid gland after 24 hours of administration of $^{131}I$ was different from that of ICRP-54/67(30%) and ICRP-78(25%). Thus, it is necessary to apply more reliable approach, reflecting the characteristic of Korean physiology and to obtain the basic data of results using this approach for calculation of the internal adsorbed dose. In the future, this approach can be helpful for the internal dose assessment of radiation workers in a nuclear power plant or in a hospital.

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