The Cytotoxicity of Rat Hepatocytes on Viscum album Lectin

겨우살이 lectin의 흰쥐 간세포 독성에 미치는 영향

  • Chang, Choul-Soo (Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, Gimcheon College) ;
  • Ryu, Jae-Ki (Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, Gimcheon College) ;
  • Kim, Tae-Ho (Plasma Fraction Center, Korean Red Cross)
  • 장철수 (김천대학 임상병리과) ;
  • 류재기 (김천대학 임상병리과) ;
  • 김태호 (대한적십자사 혈장분획센터)
  • Published : 2007.12.31

Abstract

In the present study, the author investigated to the cytotoxocity in cultured rat hepatocytes of Viscum album lectin. The cytotoxcity effect in Viscum album lectin on the activity of LDH was also investigated. Viscum album lectin significantly increased LDH leakage into medium of hepatocytes treated or untreated with $CCl_4$ (p<0.001). However, Viscum album lectin significantly increased LDH leakage from $CCl_4$-induced hepatocyte (p<0.001). There was a significant increase in LDH levels relative to the control group. Histological observation basically supported the result obtained from LDH assay. The livers of rats challenged with $CCl_4$ produced a marked increased cytoplasmic vacuoles and inflammatory cells in number, while the number of necrotic cells and swollen hepatocytes did not change significnatly. Rats administered DMSO alone did not alter the normal hepatic architecture. Histological observation of liver section in rat treated 72 hrs with either Viscum album lectin $CCl_4$-induced liver damage showed number of cytoplasmic vaculoe and necrotic cell. The number of inflammatory cell increased markedly. This results suggest to the conclusion that Viscum album lectin has a effect of hepatotoxicity activator.