Cooking Properties of Rice with Pigmented Rice Bran Extract

유색미 미강 추출물 첨가가 밥의 취반 특성에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Joo-Hee (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Nam, Seok-Hyun (Department of Natural Science, Ajou University) ;
  • Kim, Mi-Hyun (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Sohn, Jae-Keun (Division of Plant Biosciences, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kang, Mi-Young (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Kyungpook National University)
  • 김주희 (경북대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 남석현 (아주대학교 생명과학과) ;
  • 김미현 (경북대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 손재근 (경북대학교 식물생명과학부) ;
  • 강미영 (경북대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2007.03.31

Abstract

This study was perform to examine the feasibility of cooking processing using the rice added the 70% ethanol extract of pigmented rice bran layer. Four rice samples, including normal rice, glutinous rice, pigmented-normal rice, and pigmented-glutinous rice were compared the properties of physico-chemical, texture, and sensory evaluation. Pigmented rice varieties had a higher amylose content, but shorter length in glucose chains than non-pigmented rice varieties. The enthalpy for gelatinization was found to increase in pigmented rice, which need more energy for gelatinization of starch in cooking. The hydrolysis rate by glucoamylase in rice added pigmented bran extract was higher than pigmented rice. Rice with pigmented bran extract had higher glutamine content, but lower asparagine content and no difference in fatty acid composition, which affect palatability. Cooked rice added pigmented bran extract was less retrograded than pigmented rice during the storage period. Moreover, cooked rice added pigmented bran extract was more acceptable in sensory evaluation. Based on the results, the use of rice added pigmented bran extract instead of pigmented rice in grain processed food have advantageous effects in palatability of polished rice and phytochemicals of pigmented non-polished rice. This study will help develop new health-promoting rice products.

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