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Yield and Physicochemical Characteristics of Spent Mushroom (Pleurotus ryngii, Pleurotus osteratus and Ammulina velutipes) Substrates According to Mushroom Species and Cultivation Types

버섯폐배지의 발생량 조사 및 새송이, 느타리, 팽이 버섯 폐배지의 버섯종류별과 재배방식별의 물리화학적 특성 평가

  • Published : 2007.02.28

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the minimal yield of spent mushroom substrates (SMS) and physicochemical characteristics of Pleurotus ryngii, Pleurotus osteratus and Ammulina velutipes according to mushroom species and cultivation types. The annual yield of SMS in 2004 was minimally 1,670,182M/T and 10.7-fold of the mushroom yield. The yield of SMS for Pleurotus ryngii, Pleurotus osteratus and Ammulina velutipes was 972,141M/T and was 58.2% of the total yield of SMS. Data from the chemical analysis of totally 109 SMS samples revealed that bed type cultivation showed low NDF (65.2%), high NFC (12.7%) and high ash (11.5%) contents (P<0.05), resulting in better nutritional characteristics compared with bottle or vinyl bag cultivation. In general, it was more desirable to classify SMS by cultivation types rather than by mushroom species for the effective use of SMS as an animal feed. Among cultivation types, SMS from bed type cultivation needed to be preferably used as feed.

Keywords

Spent mushroom substrate;Spent mushroom compost;By-product;Recycling;Feed

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