Establishment of an Optimal Washing Condition of a High Temperature Steaming System for the Production of High Quality Pork

고품질 돈육 생산을 위한 고온증기세척수의 최적 조건

  • Published : 2007.02.28


The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of different water temperatures and time of spray-washing on the removal of bacteria contamination from surface of pork carcass and to obtain better meat quality with high temperature stream between 60 to 90℃ for the time ranged from 10 to 60 sec. Results showed that total plate counts were significantly decreased with increasing steam temperature(P<0.05). Similar results were found with the spray time(P<0.05). The lightness(CIE L*) value was significantly increased in both loin and ham cuts over 80℃(P<0.05). Ultimate pH of muscle and water-holding capacity were decreased with increasing steam temperature(P<0.05). There was a significant difference in solubility of sarcoplasmic protein between 70℃ and 80℃ of the steam treatments with higher value at 70℃(P<0.05). Again, longer than 30 sec spray at 70℃ steam, the lightness value of pork was significantly increased(P<0.05), while pH and water-holding capacity of muscle were significantly decreased(P<0.05). Therefore, a desirable pork quality would be achieved with spray-steam washing at 70℃ for 20 sec on pork carcass.


Pork quality;Washing condition;Hot steam water;Total plate count


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