The Effect of Soybean Oil, Tallow and Coconut Oil Supplementation on Growth Performance, Serum Lipid Changes and Nutrient Digestibility in Weaned Pigs

이유자돈에 있어 대두유, 우지 및 코코넛 오일의 첨가가 생산성, 혈청 지질변화 및 영양소 소화율에 미치는 영향

  • Cho, J.H. (Department of Animal Resource & Sciences, Dankook University) ;
  • Kim, H.J. (Department of Animal Resource & Sciences, Dankook University) ;
  • Chen, Y.J. (Department of Animal Resource & Sciences, Dankook University) ;
  • Yoo, J.S. (Department of Animal Resource & Sciences, Dankook University) ;
  • Min, B.J. (Department of Animal Resource & Sciences, Dankook University) ;
  • Kim, J.D. (CJ Feed Co.Inc) ;
  • Kim, In-Ho (Department of Animal Resource & Sciences, Dankook University)
  • 조진호 (단국대학교 동물자원과학과) ;
  • 김해진 (단국대학교 동물자원과학과) ;
  • 진영걸 (단국대학교 동물자원과학과) ;
  • 유종상 (단국대학교 동물자원과학과) ;
  • 민병준 (단국대학교 동물자원과학과) ;
  • 김진동[ ((주) CJ 사료) ;
  • 김인호 (단국대학교 동물자원과학과)
  • Published : 2007.02.28


This experiment was conducted to determine the effect of soybean oil, tallow and coconut oil supplementation on growth performance, serum lipid changes and nutrient digestibility in weaned pigs. One hundred twenty cross-bred [(Yorkshire×Landrace)×Duroc, 6.92±0.01kg average initial BW] were used in a 35 d growth trial. Dietary treatments included CON (5% soybean oil), T0.5 (4.5% soybean oil+0.5% tallow), C0.5 (4.5% soybean oil+0.5% coconut oil) and C1.0 (4.0% soybean oil+1.0% coconut oil). For the whole period and from d 14 to 35, G/F was increased in C0.5 and C1.0 treatments compared with T0.5 treatment (P<0.05). ADG and ADFI were not affected by treatments. On d 14, C1.0 treatment was higher in serum HDL-cholesterol than C0.5 treatment and atherogenic index was increased in C0.5 treatment compared to T0.5 and C1.0 treatments. Digestibility of fat was improved for pigs fed C1.0 diet compared with those fed T0.5 diet on d 35. However, there were no significant differences in digestibilities of DM, N and DE. In conclusion, feeding diets containing soybean and coconut oils in weaned pigs increased feed efficiency and fat digestibility than feeding those containing soybean oil and tallow.


Coconut oil;Tallow;Growth performance;Serum lipid;Digestibilities;Weaned pigs


  1. AOAC. 1995. Official Method of Analysis. 16th Edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, D. C. USA
  2. Bach, A., Schirardin, H., Bauer, M. and Weryha, A. 1977. Ketogenic response to medium chain triglyceride load in the rat. J. Nutr. 107:1863
  3. Bach, A. C. and Babayan, V. B. 1982. Medium-chain triglycerides: An update. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 36:950
  4. Brady, M. S., Rickard, K. A., Ernet, J. A., Schreiner, R. L. And Lemons, J. A. 1982. Formulas and human milk for premature infants: A review and update. Research 81:547
  5. Bremer, J. 1980. Carnitine and its role in fatty acid metabolism. Trends Biochem. Sci. 2:207
  6. Cera, K. R., Mahan, D. C. and Reinhart, G. A. 1988. Weekly digestibilities of diets supplemented with corn oil, lard or tallow by weanling swine. J. Anim. Sci. 66:1430
  7. Cera, K. R., Mahan, D. C. and Reinhart, G. A. 1989. Apparent fat digestibilities and performance responses of postweaning swine fed diets supplemented with coconut oil, corn or tallow. J. Anim. Sci. 68:384
  8. Cera, K. R., Mahan, D. C. and Reinhart, G. A. 1990. Evaluation of various extracted vegetable oils, roasted soybeans, medium-chain triglyceride and an animal vegetable fat blend for postweaning swine. J. Anim. Sci. 68:2756
  9. Crampton, E. W. and Ness, O. M. 1954. Ameal mixture suitable as the entire ration to be self-fed dry to pigs weaned at ten days of age. J. Anim. Sci. 13:357
  10. Duncan, D. B. 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics 11:1
  11. Friedman, H. I. and Nylund, B. 1980. Intestinal fat digestion, absorption and transport. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 33:1108
  12. Frobish, L. T., Hays, V. W., Speer, V. C. and Ewan, R. C. 1970. Effect of fat source and level on utilization of fat by young pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 30:197
  13. Jones, D. B., Hancock, J. D., Harmon, D. L. and Walker, C. E. 1992. Effects of exogenous emulsifiers and fat sources on nutrient digestibility, serum lipids and growth performance in weanling pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 70:3473-3482
  14. Lawrence, N. J. and Maxwell, C. V. 1983. Effect of dietary fat sources and level on the performance of neonatal and early weaned pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 57:936
  15. Li, D. F., Thaler, R. C., Nelssen, J. L., Harmon, D. L., Allee, G. L. and Weeden, T. L. 1990. Effect of fat sources and combinations on starter pig performance, nutrient digestibility and intestinal morphology. J. Anim. Sci. 68:3694-3704
  16. Mahan, D. C. 1991. Efficacy of initial postweanling diet and supplemental coconut oil or soybean oil for weanling swine. J. Anim. Sci. 69:1397-1402
  17. SAS. 1996. SAS User Guider. Release 6.12 edition. SAS Inst. Inc. Cary NC. USA
  18. 민병준, 권오석, 이원백, 홍종욱, 김인호. 2006. 이유자돈에 있어 대두유, 건조팜유분말과 monoglyceride의 첨가가 성장 및 혈청 지질변화에 미치는 영향. 한국동물자원과학회지. 48:203-210