Effects of Herb Mix® Supplementation on the Performance of Weanling Pigs

Herb Mix® 첨가가 이유자돈 생산성에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, W.S. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Industrial Science, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Paik, I.K. (Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Industrial Science, Chung-Ang University)
  • 이우선 (중앙대학교 산업과학대학 동물자원과학과) ;
  • 백인기 (중앙대학교 산업과학대학 동물자원과학과)
  • Published : 2007.06.30


Two pig trials were conducted to test Herb MixⓇ, a mixture of Rehmannia glutinosa, Angelica gigas, Discorea japonica, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Schisandra chinensis and Ligusticum jeholense, as a herbal additive to weaning pig diet. Exp. 1 was conducted with 45 three-way cross-bred(Y×L×D) weaning pigs randomly allocated to 3 treatments; control, Herb MixⓇ 0.15% and Herb MixⓇ Gold(Plellidendron amurense fortified Herb MixⓇ) 0.15%. Exp. 2 was conducted with 48 weaning pigs randomly allocated to 4 treatments; control, 0.1%, 0.2% and 0.3% Herb MixⓇ. There was a significant(p=0.05) difference between the control and herbal additive groups, however, no significant difference was found between Herb MixⓇ and Herb MixⓇ Gold in growth performance of Exp. 1. In Ex. 2, supplementation of Herb MixⓇ at all level(0.1%, 0.2% and 0.3%) significantly(P<0.05) improved average daily gain and feed intake, however, there were no significant differences among supplemented groups. Among the blood parameters, serum IgG level and WBC numbers were significantly lowered by Herb Mix supplementation in both experiments. Stress indicator(SI) was significantly lower in herbal additive groups in Exp. 1. Nutrient digestibility of DM and NFE in supplemented groups was lower than the control in Exp. 1. Howener, it was not significantly different among treatments in Exp. 2. Number(cfu) of fecal E.coli decreased while that of Lactobacilli increased in treated groups. It was concluded that fortifying Herb MixⓇ with Plellidendron amurense was not effective in improving the efficacy of Herb MixⓇ and supplementation of Herb MixⓇ at 0.1~0.2% level improves growth performance of weaning pigs. Blood parameters especially immunity related ones(IgG, WBC and SI) were significantly influenced.


Herb Mix$^{(R)}$;Herbal additive;Weaning pigs;Performance;IgG;Leucocytes;Stress indicator


  1. 김병기, 황인엽, 강삼순, 신상회, 우선창, 김영직, 황영현 2002. 인삼, 산약, 한약부신환의 급여가 재래닭의 생산성에 미치는 영향. 한국동물자원과학회지. 44(3):297-304
  2. 락화생. 1992 면역과 한방. 열련책들. pp. 45-48, 235-242
  3. 박혜란, 유영법, 이성태, 조성기. 1998. 당귀 추출 물의 변약증가 효과. 생명자원과 산업 3:80
  4. 석종찬, 엄희석, 백인기. 2003. 생약제재(Mircle${\circledR}$) 첨가가 이유자돈의 성장률, 영양소 이용율, 분내 미생물 균총 및 면역기능에 미치는 영향. 한국동물자원과학회지 43(5):671-680
  5. 한국생약학교수협의회. 2002. 본초학. 아카데미서 적.서울
  6. 홍성진, 남궁환, 백인기. 2002. 생약체제(Mircle20${\circledR}$) 가 육계의 생산성과 영양소 이용율, 소장내 미생 물 균총 및 면역기능얘 미치는 영향. 한국동물자원과학회지 43(5):671-680
  7. Newman, K. E. and Devegowda, G. 1998. Merging modem agriculture with the herbal revolution : possibilities for livestock production. What we do and do not know. In: Biotechnology in the feed industry(Lyons T. P. and K. A. Jacques eds), Nottingham University Press. PP. 300-306
  8. NRC. 1998. Nutrient requirements of Swine(lOth Ed.) National Academy Press, Washington, D. C. USA
  9. SAS Institute. 1996. SAS/STA${\circleR}$ User's Guide. Release 6.12 Ed. SAS Institute Inc. Cary, NC. USA
  10. Xie, l O. and Niu, S. Q. 1996. Comprehensive book of natural resources and Chinese herb feed additives. Xueyuan Press. Beijing. P. R. C.
  11. A.O.A.C. 1990. Onidal method of Analysis, 15th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemist, Washington D.C.
  12. Kamel, C. 2001. Tracing modes of action and the roles of plant extracts in non-ruminants. In : Recent advances in animal nutrition (Garnsworthy, P. C. and J. Wisenman). Nottingham University press. pp. 135-150
  13. Mark, D. N. 2000. Herbs source of nutrition versus herbs as a source of drugs: A matter of claim, biology and regulations. In: Biotechnology in the feed industry (Lyons T. P. and K. A. Jacques eds). Nottingham University Press. PP. 295-300
  14. Maccini, G., Carbonara, A. O. and Heremans, J. F. 1965. Immunochemical quantitation of antigens by single radial immunodiffusion. Immunochemistry 2:235-254

Cited by

  1. Antioxidant activity of Bamboo powder and its immunoreactivity in the pig vol.37, pp.2, 2014,
  2. Effects of Supplementary Cu-Soy Proteinate (Cu-SP) and Herbal Mixture (HBM) on the Growth Performance, Intestinal Microflroa, Immune Response in Broilers vol.41, pp.3, 2014,
  3. Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Copper Soy Proteinate (Cu-SP) and Herbal Mixture (HBM) on the Performance, Blood Parameter and Immune Response in Laying Hens vol.41, pp.4, 2014,