Effect of Calving Season on Growth Performance, Feed Intake and Disease Occurrence of Hanwoo Calves

한우 송아지의 분만계절이 성장, 사료섭취량 및 질병 발생에 미치는 영향

  • Kwon, E.G. (National Livestock Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Cho, Y.M. (National Livestock Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Park, B.K. (National Livestock Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Choi, C.W. (National Livestock Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Y.G. (National Livestock Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Paek, B.H. (National Livestock Research Institute, RDA)
  • 권응기 (농촌진흥청 축산연구소) ;
  • 조영무 (농촌진흥청 축산연구소) ;
  • 박병기 (농촌진흥청 축산연구소) ;
  • 최창원 (농촌진흥청 축산연구소) ;
  • 김영근 (농촌진흥청 축산연구소) ;
  • 백봉현 (농촌진흥청 축산연구소)
  • Published : 2007.02.28


Sixty-seven Hanwoo calves were allocated into two groups, 27 spring calves (SC) and 40 fall calves (FC) to investigate the effects of calving season on water and nutrient intakes, growth performance and disease occurrence for the nursing and the post-weaning period. Mean DMI of 3 to 4 mo old FC was lower than that of SC due to low temperature in winter for FC. Water intake was higher for FC (birth to 1 mo old) but lower for SC (2 to 4 mo old) than the others. Mean BW did not differ between SC and FC, but average daily gain for over 2 mo old SC were significantly higher than FC. Diarrhea was mainly observed when the calves were before 60 d old; in particular, it occurred more frequently for less than 30 d old FC compared with SC. The present results indicate that calving season may affect water intake, feed intake and growth performance of Hanwoo calves.


Calving season;Hanwoo;Intake;Growth performance


  1. Albright, J. L. and Arave, C. W. 1997. The behaviour of cattle. CAB International. Wallingford. UK., p 19
  2. Anderson, J. H. and Willham, R. L. 1978. Weaning weight correction factors from Angus field data. J. Anim. Sci. 47:124-130
  3. AOAC. 1995. Official Methods of Analysis. 16th Ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemist, Washington D.C., U.S.A
  4. Bourdon, R. M. and Brinks, J. S. 1982. Genetic, environmental and phenotypic relationship among gestation length, birth weight, growth traits and age at first calving in beef cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 55:543-553
  5. Buston, S and Berg, R. T. 1984. Latation performance of range beef and dairy-beef cows. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 64:253-265
  6. Buston, S., Berg, R. T. and Hardin, R. T. 1980. Factors influncing weaning weight of range beef and dairy-beef cows. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 60: 727-742
  7. Donald, H. P., Russell, W. S. and Taylor, C. S. 1962. Birth weights of reciprocally cross- bred calves. J. Agric. Sci. (Camb.) 58:405
  8. Gaertner, S. J., Rouquette, F. M., Long, C. R. and Turner, J. W. 1992. Influence of calving season and stocking rate on birth weight and weaning weight of Simmental-sired calves from Brahman- Hereford F1 Dams. J. Anim. Sci. 70:2296-2303.
  9. Grings, E. E., Short, R. E., Klement, K. D. Geary, T. W., MacNeil, M. D., Haferkamp, M. R. and Heitschmidt, R. K.. 2005. Calving system and weaning age effects on cow and preweaning calf performance in the Northern Great Plains. J. Anim. Sci. 83:2671-2683
  10. Jain, N. C. 1986. Cattle : Normal hematology with comments on response to disease. In : Schalm's veterinary hematology. 4th. 2d, Lea & Febiger. 178-207
  11. John, A. 1997. Managing colostrum in the newborn calf. Large animal practice. 18:29- 33
  12. Kamal, T. H. 1975. Heat stress concept and new tracer methods for heat tolerance in domestic animals. 1st Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy for Science and Economic Development, Baghdad, Iraq. proceedings of IAEA/FAQ, Vienna
  13. Kunz, P. and Montandon, G. 1983. Kälberhaltung Konventionell und im Kaltstall. Blatter fur Landtechnik. 233:1-6
  14. Martin, S. W. and Wiggins, A. D. 1973. A model of the economic costs of dairy calf mortality. Am. J. Vet. 34:1027-1031
  15. McElhenney, W. H., Long, C. R., Baker, J. F. and Cartwright, T. C. 1985. Production characters of first-generation cows of a five- breed diallel: Reproduction of young cows and preweaning performance of inter se calves. J. Anim. Sci. 61:55-65
  16. Osburn, B. I., MacLachlan, N. T. and Terell, T. J. 1982. Ontogeny of immune system. JAVMA. 181:1049-1061
  17. Place, N. T., Heinrichs, A. J. and Erb, H. N. 1998. The effects of disease, management, and nutrition on average daily gain of dairy heifers form birth to four months. J. Dairy Sci. 81: 1004-1009
  18. Rauprich, A. B., Hammon, H. M. and Blum, J. W. 2000. Influence of feeding different amounts of first colostrum on metabolic, endocrine, and health status and on growth performance in neonatal calves. J. Anim. Sci. 78:896-908
  19. SAS. 1999. SAS/STAT Software for PC. Release 6.11, SAS Institute, Cary, NC, U.S.A
  20. Young, B. A. 1981. Cold stress as it affects animal production. J. Anim. Sci. 52:154-163
  21. 강수원, 임석기, 정종원, 우제석, 전기준. 2003. 농후사료 급여수준 및 방목이 춘계분만 한우 암송아지의 성장발육, 번식능력 및 사료이용성에 미치는 효과. 한국동물자원과학회지. 45:101-112
  22. 강수원, 정연후, 손용석, 정창화, 나승환. 1991. 한우 송아지의 성장발육에 관한 연구. 1. 성별이 이유전 송아지의 성장능력에 미치는 영향. 농시논문집(축산편). 33:1-7
  23. 강희설, 홍경선, 이덕수, 최동윤, 최희철, 한정대, 조석현, 김태호. 2001. 가축사육환경 기준 설정 연구. 축산시험연구보고서. pp. 212-228
  24. 강희설, 홍성구, 조원모, 백광수, 이종문, 백봉현. 1995. 한우암소 사육시 우사내 온도변화와 온도가 음수량에 미치는 영향. 한국동물자원과학회. 학술발표회. p. 295
  25. 권오덕, 최경성, 이승옥, 정환, 이주목. 2000. 한우 신생송아지의 질병발생에 관한 조사연구. 한국임상수의학회지. 17:93-101
  26. 김두, 유영수, 유한상, 윤충근. 1990. 한우 송아지의 포유기간 중의 설사발생에 관한 연구. 대한수의학회지. 30:255-260
  27. 서국현, 이동원, 허태영, 류일선, 손동수, 정영훈, 최창용, 김일화. 2001. 송아지 수동면역 결핍과 질병발생에 관한 요인 연구. 축산시험연구보고서. pp. 406-433
  28. 안병석, 김영근, 한학석, 박태진. 1991. 한우 송아지의 성장에 미치는 종모우군의 효과. 한국축산학회지. 33:646-650
  29. 이현범, 권오덕, 강정부, 윤종삼. 가축질병학(총론. 우병학). 1995. 유한문화사. pp. 83- 95