18S Ribosomal DNA Sequences Provide Insight into the Phylogeny of Patellogastropod Limpets (Mollusca: Gastropoda)

  • Yoon, Sook Hee (School of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Won (School of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University)
  • Received : 2006.10.25
  • Accepted : 2006.12.28
  • Published : 2007.02.28

Abstract

To investigate the phylogeny of Patellogastropoda, the complete 18S rDNA sequences of nine patellogastropod limpets Cymbula canescens (Gmelin, 1791), Helcion dunkeri (Krauss, 1848), Patella rustica Linnaeus, 1758, Cellana toreuma (Reeve, 1855), Cellana nigrolineata (Reeve, 1854), Nacella magellanica Gmelin, 1791, Nipponacmea concinna (Lischke, 1870), Niveotectura pallida (Gould, 1859), and Lottia dorsuosa Gould, 1859 were determined. These sequences were then analyzed along with the published 18S rDNA sequences of 35 gastropods, one bivalve, and one chiton species. Phylogenetic trees were constructed by maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian inference. The results of our 18S rDNA sequence analysis strongly support the monophyly of Patellogastropoda and the existence of three subgroups. Of these, two subgroups, the Patelloidea and Acmaeoidea, are closely related, with branching patterns that can be summarized as [(Cymbula + Helcion) + Patella] and [(Nipponacmea + Lottia) + Niveotectura]. The remaining subgroup, Nacelloidea, emerges as basal and paraphyletic, while its genus Cellana is monophyletic. Our analysis also indicates that the Patellogastropoda have a sister relationship with the order Cocculiniformia within the Gastropoda.

Keywords

18S rDNA Sequences;Gastropoda, Mollusca;Patellogastropoda;Phylogenetic Tree Reconstruction

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Research Foundation, Korea Science and Engineering Foundation

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