Preparation of Submicron Nickel Powders with Non-aqueous Solvent In Microwave-Assisted Reduction Method

비수계 용매를 사용하는 마이크로파 환원법에 의한 서브마이크론 니켈 분말의 합성

  • Jeon, Seung Yup (Division of Applied Chemical Engineering, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kim, Jae-Hwan (Division of Applied Chemical Engineering, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Park, Na Yi (Division of Applied Chemical Engineering, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Park, Hoy Yul (Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute, Advanced Electrical Materials Group) ;
  • Lee, Gun-Dae (Division of Applied Chemical Engineering, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Hong, Seong-Soo (Division of Applied Chemical Engineering, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Park, Seong Soo (Division of Applied Chemical Engineering, Pukyong National University)
  • 전승엽 (부경대학교 응용화학공학부) ;
  • 김재환 (부경대학교 응용화학공학부) ;
  • 박나이 (부경대학교 응용화학공학부) ;
  • 박효열 (한국전기연구원 신소재응용연구그룹) ;
  • 이근대 (부경대학교 응용화학공학부) ;
  • 홍성수 (부경대학교 응용화학공학부) ;
  • 박성수 (부경대학교 응용화학공학부)
  • Received : 2007.04.10
  • Accepted : 2007.06.12
  • Published : 2007.08.10

Abstract

Nickel powders were prepared from an aqueous nickel acetate solution and hydrazine hydrate using diethanolamine as the nonaqueous organic solvent in the conventional and microwave synthetic method. It was investigated that microwave non-thermal effect and synthetic condition affect the preparation of nickel powders by means of X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, thermal gravymetry analysis, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis. Compared with the conventional synthetic method, less of aggregation, smaller particle size, and more uniform distribution of particle size were obtained in the microwave synthetic method due to the non-thermal effect of microwaves.

Keywords

nickel powder;non-aqueous solvents;microwave;nickel

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국과학재단

References

  1. M. S. Hegde, D. Larcher, L. Dupont, B. Beaudoin, K. Tekaia- Elhsissen, and J. M. Tarascon, Solid State Ionics, 93, 33 (1997)
  2. A. Degen, J. Macek, Nanostruct. Mater., 12, 225 (1999) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0965-9773(99)00286-X
  3. S. Caddick, Microwave assisted organic reactions, Tetrahedron, 51, 10403 (1995)
  4. J. Gao, F. Guan, Y. Zhao, W. Yang, Y. Ma, X. Lu, J. Hou, and J. Kang, Materials Chem. Phys., 71, 215 (2001) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0254-0584(01)00275-9
  5. Won Jo Hwa, Seong Yup Jun, Yoon Bok Lee, Hee Chan Park, Kwang Ho Kim, and Seong Soo Park, J. Korean Ind. Eng. Chem., 15, 429 (2004)
  6. J. Macek and A. Degen, Fizika A, 4, 309 (1995)
  7. Y. Koltypin, A. Fernandez, T. C. Rojas, J. Campora, P. Palma, R. Prozorov, and A. Gedanken, Encapsulation of nickel nanoparticles in carbon obtained by the sonochemical decomposition of $Ni(C_8H_{12})_2$, Chem, Mater., 11, 1331 (1999)
  8. H. G. Zheng, J. H. Liang, J. H. Zeng, and Y. T. Qian, Preparation of nickel nanopowders in ethanol-water system, Mater. Res. Bull., 36, 947 (2001)
  9. K. S. Jung, J. Y. Ro, J. Y. Lee, and S. S. Park, J. Mater. Sci., 20, 2203 (2001)
  10. K. S. Jung, J. H. Kwon, S. M. Shon, J. P. Ko, J. S. Shin, and S. S. Park, J. Mater. Sci., 39, 723 (2004) https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JMSC.0000011541.91490.88
  11. W. J. Tseng and S. Y. Lin, Effect of polymeric surfactant on flow behaviors of nickel-ethanol-isopropanol suspensions, Mater. Sci. Eng., A362, 160 (2003)
  12. A. Degen and J. Macek, Preparation of submicrometer nickel powders by the reduction from nonaqueous media, Nanostru. Mater., 12, 225 (1999) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0965-9773(99)00286-X
  13. S. Komarnent, R. Pidugu, Q. H. Li, and R. Roy, Microwavehydrothermal processing of metal powders, J. Mater. Res., 10, 1687 (1995) https://doi.org/10.1557/JMR.1995.0995
  14. H. Shoji, Y. Nakano, H. Matsushita, A. Onoe, H. Kanai, and Y. Yamashita, Effect of heat treatment on dielectric properties of X7R designated MLCs with Ni internal electrodes, J. Mater. Syn. Process, 6, 415 (1998)
  15. J. Gao, F. Guan, Y. Zhao, W. Yang, Y. Ma, X. Lu, and J. Kang, Preparation of ultrafine nickel powder and its catalytic dehydrogenation activity, Mater. Chem. Phys., 71, 215 (2001) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0254-0584(01)00275-9
  16. S. H. Park, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Kang, and Y. H. Kim, Control of size and morphology in Ni particles prepared by spray pyrolysis, J. Mater. Sci. Lett., 22, 1537 (2003) https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1026290801907
  17. K. Yu, D. J. Kim, H. S. Chung, and H. Liang, Dispersed rodlike nickel powder synthesized by modified polyol process, Mater. Lett., 57, 3992 (2003) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-577X(03)00253-2
  18. M. S. Hegde, D. Larcher, L. Dupont, B. Beaudoiin, K. T. Elhsissen, and J. M. Tarascon, Synthesis and chemical reactivity of polyol prepared monodisperse nickel powders, Solid State Ionics, 93, 33 (1997)
  19. Y. D. Li, C. W. Li, H. R. Wang, L. Q. Li, and Y. T. Qian, Preparation of nickel ultrafine powder and crystalline film by chemical control reduction, Mater. Chem. Phys., 59, 88 (1999)