DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effect of Replacing Rolled Corn with Potato Pulp Silage in Grass Silage-based Diets on Nitrogen Utilization by Steers

  • Aibibula, Y. (Faculty of Bioresources, Mie University) ;
  • Okine, A. (Department of Agro-environmental Science, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine) ;
  • Hanada, M. (Department of Agro-environmental Science, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine) ;
  • Murata, S. (Department of Agro-environmental Science, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine) ;
  • Okamoto, M. (Department of Agro-environmental Science, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine) ;
  • Goto, M. (Faculty of Bioresources, Mie University)
  • Received : 2006.07.22
  • Accepted : 2007.01.29
  • Published : 2007.08.01

Abstract

Three Holstein steers fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulae were fed grass silage-based diets supplemented with potato pulp silage as a substitute for rolled corn at levels of 0%, 50% and 100% on a DM basis in a $3{\times}3$ Latin square design to investigate the effect of potato pulp silage on nitrogen (N) utilization in ruminants. Organic matter (OM) intake, and rumen and total tract digestibilities did not differ among treatment diets. Rumen and post-rumen starch digestibilities were similar among treatments, although starch intake decreased (p<0.01) with potato pulp supplementation. There were no significant differences (p>0.05) in ruminal N utilization and non-ammonia N supply to the duodenum of steers fed grass silage supplemented with potato pulp silage as a substitute for rolled corn. There were no treatment differences (p>0.05) in rumen pH, volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentration or the molar percentages of acetate and propionate. The ammonia-N concentration in rumen fluid tended to decrease (p<0.1) when rolled corn was substituted with potato pulp silage. Ether extract intake and post-ruminal digestibility significantly (p<0.01) decreased in steers fed diets containing potato pulp silage. Concentrations of total cholesterol and phospholipids in serum markedly decreased (p<0.01) with potato pulp silage supplementation without adversely affecting liver function. These data suggested that potato pulp silage has a similar value as rolled corn as an energy source for rumen microorganisms.

Keywords

Nitrogen Utilization;Potato Pulp Silage;Rumen;Rolled Corn;Steers

References

  1. Hanada, M., Y. Aibibula and M. Okamoto. 2003. Effect of energy supplement for steers grazing temperate pasture on N flow to duodenum and amino acid composition of duodenal digesta. Tropical and Subtropical Agro ecosystems, 3:361-364 (Special edition).
  2. Hanada, M., Y. Aibibula, O. Abdulrazak, S. Murata, K. Ikehata and M. Okamoto. 2004. Comparison of potato pulp silage with rolled corn as an energy source of growing Holstein steers. In: Proceedings of the Eleventh Animal Science Congress, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 367-369.
  3. Aibibula, Y., M. Hanada and M. Okamoto. 2002. Nitrogen digestion in the rumen and small intestine of steers grazing orchardgrass and meadow fescue pastures. Grassland Sci. 48:332-339.
  4. Aibibula, Y., M. Hanada, O. Abdulrazak, S. Murata and M. Okamoto. 2004. Effect of potato pulp supplementation on nitrogen utilization in ruminants. In: Proceedings of the Eleventh Animal Science Congress, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 331-333.
  5. Cone, J. W., H. A. Van Gelder, H. Bachmann and A.H. Vincent. 2002. Comparison of organic matter degradation in several feedstuffs in the rumen as determined with the nylon bag and gas production techniques. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 96:55-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-8401(01)00325-X
  6. Dickey, H. C., H. A. Leonard, S. D. Musgrave and P. C. Young. 1971. Nutritive characteristics of dried potato by-product meal for ruminants. J. Dairy Sci. 54:876-879. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(71)85934-9
  7. Duncan, R. W., J. Males, W. M. L. Nelson and E. L. Martin. 1991. Corn and barley mixtures in finishing steer diets containing potato process residue. J. Prod. Agric. 4:426-432. https://doi.org/10.2134/jpa1991.0426
  8. Hanada, M., Y. Aibibula, D. Okumura and M. Okamoto. 2005. Effect of potato pulp silage supplementation on milk production in cows grazing temperate pasture. Proceedings of the 20 th International Grassland Congress, Dublin, Ireland. p. 155.
  9. Mori, K., T. Kudo, T. Bando, S. Hara, T. Hatta and H. Tsunemitu. 1986. Blood chemical findings of dairy cows fed potato pulp silage. Hokkaido Bulletin of Animal Research, 15:41-49.
  10. Nelson, M. L., J. R. Busboom, J. D. Cronrath, L. Falen and A. Blankenbaker. 2000. Effects of graded levels of potato byproducts in barley-and corn-based beef feedlot diets: I. Feedlot performance, carcass characteristics, meat composition and appearance. J. Anim. Sci. 78:1829-1836. https://doi.org/10.2527/2000.7871829x
  11. Okamoto, M., M. Hanada, Y. Aibibula, K. Ikehata and S. Murata. 2004. Voluntary intake of potato pulp silage by steers fed alfalfa hay. Grassland Sci. 50:416-417 (Special edition).
  12. Monteils, V., S. Jurjanz, O. Colin-Schoellen, G. Blanchard and F. Laurent. 2002. Kinetics of ruminal degradation of wheat and potato starches in total mixed rations. J. Anim. Sci. 80:235-241. https://doi.org/10.1093/ansci/80.1.235
  13. Okine, A., M. Hanada, A. Yimamu and M. Okamoto. 2005. Ensiling of potato pulp with or without bacterial inoculants and its effect on fermentation quality, nutrient composition and nutritive value. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 121:329-343. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2005.02.032
  14. Okuda, T., S. Fuji and Y. Kawashima. 1965. A direct colorimetric determination of blood ammonia. Tokushima J. Experimental Medicine, 12:11-23.
  15. Smith, R. H. and A. B. McAllan. 1974. Some factors influencing the chemical composition of mixed rumen bacteria. Br. J. Nutr. 31:27-34. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN19740005
  16. Yoshida, M., K. Kosaka, S. Horii and K. Kameoka. 1967. A new procedure for the determination of chromic oxide with potassium phosphate reagent. Jpn. J. Poult. Sci. 4:24-29. https://doi.org/10.2141/jpsa.4.24
  17. AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis (15th ed.), Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.
  18. Japanese Feeding Standard for Beef Cattle. 2000. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Council Secretariat, Japan.
  19. Zinn, R. A. and F. N. Owens. 1986. A rapid procedure for purine measurement and its use for estimating net ruminal protein synthesis. Canadian J. Anim. Sci. 66:157-166. https://doi.org/10.4141/cjas86-017
  20. Abe, A. 1988. Feed analyses based on carbohydrates and application to the nutritive value of feeds. In: Feed Quality Evaluation Guidebook 2001. Japan Grassland, Livestock and Seed Association. pp. 16-18.
  21. Daniel, M., M. Castillo, A. Andaluz, M. Anguita, J. Morales and J. Gasa. 2003. Consumption of raw potato starch increases colon length and fecal excretion of purine bases in growing pigs. J. Nutr. 133:134-139. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/133.1.134
  22. Okine, A., A.Yimamu, M. Hanada and M. Okamoto. 2007. The use of fungal inoculants in the ensiling of potato pulp: Effect of temperature and duration of storage on silage fermentation characteristics. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20(2):214-219.

Cited by

  1. Bulvių išspaudos kaip kompostavimo substrato komponentas vol.101, pp.1, 2014, https://doi.org/10.13080/z-a.2014.101.008