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Influence of Intermittent Lighting on Broiler Performance, Incidence of Tibial Dyschondroplasia, Tonic Immobility, Some Blood Parameters and Antibody Production

  • Onbasilar, E.E. (Ankara University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Science) ;
  • Erol, H. (Abant İzzet Baysal University, Mudurnu Süreyya Astarcı Vocational School of Higher Education) ;
  • Cantekin, Z. (Ankara University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Microbiology) ;
  • Kaya, U. (Ankara University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology)
  • Received : 2006.06.26
  • Accepted : 2006.08.23
  • Published : 2007.04.01

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of two lighting programs (continuous lighting (CL) 24L:0D and intermittent lighting (IL) 1L:3D) on the broiler performance, carcass traits, incidence of tibial dyschondroplasia (TD), relative asymmetry (RA), duration of induced tonic immobility (TI), heterophils-lymphocytes ratio (H/L), serum glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The chicks were randomly divided into 2 treatment groups consisting of 100 chicks per treatment, continuous lighting (CL) 24L:0D or intermittent lighting (IL) 1L:3D. Each treatment consists of 5 replicates of 20 chicks. The experimental period was 6 weeks. Use of IL decreased feed to gain ratio, improved immune response and reduced fearful. Body weight, carcass traits, TD and stress parameters (organ weights, RA, H/L, glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride levels) were not significant in different lighting groups. As a result IL was beneficial for producers and chickens than CL.

Keywords

Lighting;Broiler;Performance;Tibial Dyschondroplasia;Tonic Immobility;Relative Asymmetry;Blood Parameters;Antibody Production

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