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Comparison of Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Freeze-concentrated Milk with Evaporated Milk during Storage

  • Hwang, J.H. ;
  • Lee, S.J. ;
  • Park, H.S. ;
  • Min, S.G. ;
  • Kwak, H.S.
  • Received : 2006.05.09
  • Accepted : 2006.08.22
  • Published : 2007.02.01

Abstract

This study was carried out to compare the changes of nutrients, sensory and chemical properties of freeze-concentrated and evaporated milks during storage. For pasteurization, the freeze-concentrated milk containing 27% of total solid was treated with 150 rpm ozone for 5 min, and 99% of microflora was eliminated. Also, the activities of protease and lipase decreased 93.31% and 96.15%, respectively, and phosphatase showed negative activity. Total bacteria count was maintained below$2.0{\times}10^4$CFU/ml. During storage, TBA absorbance was lower in freeze-concentrated milk than that in the evaporated milk. The production of short-chain free fatty acids and free amino acids increased proportionally to the storage period in both samples. While the short-chain free fatty acid production was lower in the freeze-concentrated milk compared with that in the evaporated milk, the production of individual free amino acid was similar in both samples. In sensory evaluation, cooked flavor and color were much lower in the freeze-concentrated milk than that in the evaporated milk. Overall acceptability score was higher in the freeze-concentrated than the evaporated milk. Based on above results, ozone treatment for the freeze-concentrated milk pasteurization was positive at the elimination of microflora and enzyme inactivation. During storage, the freeze-concentrated sample minimized the change of color and TBA absorbance, the production of short-chain free fatty acid and vitamins than the evaporated milk. Therefore, the freeze-concentrated milk process in the present study resulted in the positive effect in minimizing nutrient loss and keeping quality of milk during storage.

Keywords

Freeze-concentrated Milk;Evaporated Milk;Milk Nutrients;Ozone Treatment

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry