Examination about evaluation method of odor active compounds in evaporator by using condensed water

응축수를 이용한 냉각기의 냄새원인물질 평가방법 검토

  • Kim, Sun-Hwa (Department of Environmental Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Kyung-Hwan (Department of Environmental Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Jung, Young-Rim (Department of Environmental Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Man-Goo (Department of Environmental Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Jae-Ho (Halla Climate Control Corp.) ;
  • Park, Ha-Young (Halla Climate Control Corp.) ;
  • Ji, Yong-Jun (Halla Climate Control Corp.)
  • Received : 2007.06.20
  • Accepted : 2007.07.31
  • Published : 2007.10.25

Abstract

Uncomfortable odor emitted from air conditioning system is the main cause of indoor air quality deterioration. To solve evaporator odor problems, odor active compounds, have to be identified then the quality of the product can be improved its quality. Because evaporator odor in exhaust gas has low odor intensity and discontinuity, it is very difficult to collect and analyze sample. In this study through the identification of odor compounds in condensed water, the evaluation of the eraporator was tested. Odor compounds were extracted from water by headspace-solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) method. The single odor was separated by GC/FID/Olfactometry (GC/FID/O) and odor active compounds were identified by GC/AED and GC/MS. Compared to air sample, result of sensory evaluation and the single odor compound appeared similarly. It was identified that odor active compounds have functional group containing oxygen such as alcohols and acids. Evaluation method of odor active compounds using condensed water in evaporator appeared effective on the side of simplicity of collection, low expanse and rapid analysis.

냉각기에서 방출되는 불쾌한 냄새는 실내 공기질을 저하시키는 주요 원인이다. 냄새문제를 해결하기 위해서는 냄새원인을 규명하여야 한다. 냉각기에서 냄새가 발생될 때 공기시료는 냄새강도는 약하고 순간적이어서 채취하여 분석하는데 많은 어려움이 따른다. 이 연구에서 응축수를 이용하여 냉각기의 냄새원인물질의 평가 가능성을 확인하였다. 응축수는 headspace-solidphase microextraction(HS-SPME) 방법을 이용하여 채취하였다. GC/FID/Olfactometry(GC/FID/O)로 냄새물질을 확인한 후, GC/AED, GC/MS로 정성하였다. 직접관능평가 결과 및 GC/FID/O의 개별냄새물질 분석 결과, 공기시료와 매우 유사하게 나타났다. 냄새원인물질은 주로 산소를 포함하는 alcohols와 acids로 확인되었다. 응축수를 이용한 냄새원인물질 평가 방법은 채취 용이성, 비용, 분석적인 측면에서 효과적인 방법으로 평가 되었다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 강원대학교

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