Survival Rate on the Small Cyprinidae by PIT Tagging Application

소형 잉어과 어류의 PIT tag 적용을 위한 생존율 평가

  • Jang, Min-Ho (Department of Biology Education, Kongju National University) ;
  • Yoon, Ju-Duk (Department of Biology, Pusan National University) ;
  • Do, Yuno (Department of Biology, Pusan National University) ;
  • Joo, Gea-Jae (Department of Biology, Pusan National University)
  • Received : 2007.02.26
  • Accepted : 2007.10.01
  • Published : 2007.12.31

Abstract

The passive integrated transponder (PIT) telemetry is a useful method for investigating fish population dynamics, community structure and migration. It can be applied for small fishes (TL<100 mm) because of its tiny size and light weight. The survival rate of PIT tag was investigated on 4 small size cyprindae fish species, Carassius gibelio langsdorfi (n=34, standard length; $91.9{\pm}0.9mm$, body weight; $21.2{\pm}0.9g$), Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (n=16, SL; $75.1{\pm}0.9mm$, BW; $6.0{\pm}0.2g$), Pseudorasbora parva (n=30, SL; $51.4{\pm}1.1mm$, BW; $2.7{\pm}0.2g$) and Phoxinus phoxinus (n=37, SL; $70.6{\pm}1.4mm$, BW; $8.2{\pm}0.5g$) under age 1 for applicability and effectiveness. We used three type tags including a small (length 11.0 mm, diameter 2.1 mm, weight 0.088 g), middle (20 mm, 3.5 mm, 0.102 g), large (30 mm, 3.5 mm, 0.298 g) size. After 30 days of tag insertion, survival rate of 117 individuals were 58.1% (large tag, 50.0%; middle tag, 57.5%; small tag, 61.4%). Survival rates varied between three types of tags because the abdominal cavity of each individual was different size. The death was due to surgical damage. If we apply tagging systems on field research of the Korean freshwater fish, the PIT tag will be effective method for analyzing fish ecology.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 환경부

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