Flame Retardancy of Veneers Treated by Ammonium Salts

암모늄염으로 처리한 베니어의 난연성

  • Chung, Yeong-Jin (School of Fire & Disaster Prevention, Kangwon National University)
  • 정영진 (강원대학교 소방방재학부)
  • Received : 2007.03.06
  • Accepted : 2007.04.05
  • Published : 2007.06.10

Abstract

Veneer plate was painted by the treatment with ammonium salts such as ammonium chloride (AMCR), ammonium sulfate (AMSF), monoammonium phosphate (MAPP), and diammonium phosphate (DAPP) at room temperature. The flame retardancy of painted veneer plate was investigated. The painted veneer plate shows an increased $CO/CO_2$ over virgin veneer and it was supposed to affect the toxicity to different extents. But when the ammonium salts were used as the retardant for veneer, the flame retardancy was improved due to the painted ammonium salts in the veneers. Also, the veneer plates with ammonium sulfate and ammonium chloride showed both the lower total smoke release (TSR) and lower total smoke production (TSP) than that of virgin veneer.

Keywords

ammonium salts;flame retardancy;total smoke release (TSR);total smoke production (TSP)

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