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Two Maternal Lineages Revealed by Mitochondrial DNA D-loop Sequences in Chinese Native Water Buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)

  • Lei, Chu-Zhao (Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Fourth Military Medical University) ;
  • Zhang, Wei (College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology for Agriculture) ;
  • Chen, Hong (College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology for Agriculture) ;
  • Lu, Fan (Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Fourth Military Medical University) ;
  • Ge, Qing-Lan (College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology for Agriculture) ;
  • Liu, Ruo-Yu (College of Animal Science and Technology, Guizhou University) ;
  • Dang, Rui-Hua (College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology for Agriculture) ;
  • Yao, Yun-Yi (Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Fourth Military Medical University) ;
  • Yao, Li-Bo (Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Fourth Military Medical University) ;
  • Lu, Zi-Fan (Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Fourth Military Medical University) ;
  • Zhao, Zhong-liang (Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Fourth Military Medical University)
  • Received : 2006.04.20
  • Accepted : 2006.08.22
  • Published : 2007.04.01

Abstract

Little is known about the origin and genetic diversity of swamp buffaloes in China. To obtain more knowledge on genetics of the water buffalo in China, the complete mitochondrial D-loop sequences of 30 samples from 6 native types were investigated. The results revealed 12 mitochondrial haplotypes with 50 polymorphic sites. Among these polymorphic sites, there were 49 transitions and 1 transversion. The average nucleotide diversity and haplotype diversity estimated from mtDNA D-loop region in 6 Chinese water buffalo types were 0.00684 and 0.798, respectively, showing rather abundant mitochondrial genetic diversity. The Neighbor-Joining (NJ) tree of mtDNA of Chinese water buffaloes was constructed according to the 12 haplotypes. The NJ tree indicated two lineages being designated lineage A and lineage B, in which lineage A was predominant, and lineage B was at low frequency. The new lineage B was first discovered and defined in 6 Chinese water buffalo types. These results showed that two different maternal lineages were involved in the origin of domestic swamp buffaloes in China and the lineage B was probably an introgression from Southeast Asian buffaloes.

Keywords

Chinese Water Buffalo;Mitochondrial DNA D-loop;Diversity;Haplotype;Origin

Acknowledgement

Supported by : China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Excellent Researchers of Northwest A&F University

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  2. Genetic Variability of mtDNA D-loop Region in Korean Native Chickens vol.36, pp.4, 2009, https://doi.org/10.5536/KJPS.2009.36.4.323
  3. Genomic differentiation between swamp and river buffalo using a cattle high-density single nucleotide polymorphisms panel pp.1751-732X, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731117001719
  4. Y-chromosome haplotype analysis revealing multiple paternal origins in swamp buffaloes of China and Southeast Asia vol.135, pp.6, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1111/jbg.12364