DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

수삼과 홍삼농축액 중 유기인계와 유기염소계 농약의 잔류

Residue of Organophosphorus and Organochlorine Pesticides in Fresh Ginseng and Red Ginseng Extract

  • 김정호 (대구한의대학교 소방방재환경학과)
  • Kim, Jung-Ho (Department of safety & Environmental Prevention, Daegu Haanny University)
  • 발행 : 2007.12.31

초록

본 연구에서는 경북의 풍기와 상주에 있는 인삼재배포장에서 직접 시료를 채취하고, 이를 이용한 홍삼농축액제품을 제조하였다. 수삼과 홍삼농축액 중 유기인계와 유기염소계 농약을 GC-NPD와 GC-ECD로 각각 정량분석 하였으며 GC-MSD로 정성분석을 실시하여, 식품의약품안전청이 2007년 1월1일부터 시행한 농약잔류허용기준에 따라 안전성을 평가하였다. 풍기 수삼에서 유기인계 농약은diazinon을 비롯한pyrimethanil, tolclofos-methyl, metalaxyl, diethofencarb, parathion, cyprodinil, tolylfluanid와 kresoxim-methyl이 모두 불검출 되었다. 그러나 상주 수삼에서는 tolclofos- methyl이 평균 $0.054{\pm}0.008\;mg/kg$ 검출되어 수삼의 농약잔류허용기준 0.3mg/kg의 $18{\pm}2%$ 수준이었다. 풍기와 상주 수삼에서 유기염소계 농약은 BHC, DDT의 이성질체와 aldrin, azoxystrobin, captan, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, dieldrin, difenoconazole, endosulfan-sulfate, endrin, fenhexamid, quintozene, ${\alpha}-endosulfan$, ${\beta}$-endosulfan도 검출 되지 않았다. 한편 풍기와 영주의 인삼으로 제조한 홍삼농축액 중에도 유기인계와 유기염소계 농약은 모두 검출 되지 않았다.

키워드

residue;fresh ginseng;red ginseng extract;risk assessment;organophosphorus pesticides;organochlorine pesticides;tolclofos-methyl

참고문헌

  1. KFDA (2007) http://www.kfda.go.kr
  2. Oh, B.-Y. (2000) Assessment of pesticide residue for food safety and environment protection, Korean J. Pesti. Sci. 4(4), 1-11
  3. Lee, S.-R, Lee, H.-K. and Hur, J.-H. (1996) Information resources for the establishment of tolerance standards on pesticide residues in soils, Korean J. Environ. Agric. 15(1), 128-144
  4. Lee, S.-R. (1993) Food contamination and risk assessment, J. Environ. Agric. 12(3), 325-333
  5. Park, M.-K. and Kim, J.-H. (2005) Multi-analysis of the organochlorine pesticides in ginseng at gyeongbuk, Korea, J. Environ. Sci. 14(2), 193-199 https://doi.org/10.5322/JES.2005.14.2.193
  6. Lee, S.-H., Kim, H.-S., Kim, Y.-M., Kim, W.-S., Won, Y.-J., Chae, G.-Y., Kim, O.-H., Park, H.-J. and Jeong, S.-W. (2006) Monitoring of pesticide residues in herbal medicines, Korea, J. Environ. Sci. 15(8), 811-817 https://doi.org/10.5322/JES.2006.15.8.811
  7. Kim, J.-H. (2004) Residues of the organochlorine pesticides and heavy metal in culture environment of ginseng on sangju, J. Environ. Toxicol. 19(2), 183-189
  8. Sin, Y.-M., Lee, S.-H., Son, Y.-U., Jeong, J.-Y., Jeoung, S.-W., Park, H.-J., Kim, S.-H., Won, Y.-J., Lee, C.-H., Kim, W.-S., Hong, M.-K. and Chae, K.-R. (2006) Development of simultaneous analysis for the multi-residual pesticides in the ginseng extract using gas chromatography, J. Environ. Sci. 15(1), 85-94 https://doi.org/10.5322/JES.2006.15.1.085
  9. Jeon, J.-S., Kwon, M.-J., O, S.-H., Nam, H.-J., Kim, H.-Y., Go, J.-M. and Kim, Y.-H. (2006) A survey on the pesticide residues on agricultural products on the markets in incheon area from 2003 to 2005, Korean J. Environ. Agric. 25(2), 180-189 https://doi.org/10.5338/KJEA.2006.25.2.180
  10. US. FDA (1994) Pesticide Analytical Manual Vol. 1 : Multiresidue Methods, 3rd. ed., R.O.W Science, Inc
  11. AOAC (1975) Official methods of analysis of the association of official analytical chemists. 12th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington D.C
  12. Araoud, M., Douki, W., Rhim, A., Najjar, M.F. and Gazzah, N. (2007) Multiresidue analysis of pesticides in fruits and vegetables by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Environ. Sci. Health Part B 42, 179-187 https://doi.org/10.1080/03601230601123474
  13. Tomlin, C (2002) Pesticide Manual. British Crop Protection Publications
  14. Seoul (2007) http://sihe.seoul.go.kr
  15. Park, C.-K. and Ma, Y.-S. (1982) Organochlorine pesticide residue in agricultural soil-1981, Korean J. Environ. Agric. 1(1), 1-13
  16. Kim, J.-H. (2007) Heavy metals and pesticides with maturing process of rehmanniae radix preparata, J. Environ. Toxicol. 22(3), 255-261

피인용 문헌

  1. Evaluation of Residual Pesticides in Fresh Ginseng Collected in Seoul vol.56, pp.1, 2013, https://doi.org/10.3839/jabc.2013.006
  2. Monitoring and Risk Assessment of Pesticides Residues in Pre - Harvest Ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) in Jeollabuk-do vol.22, pp.1, 2018, https://doi.org/10.7585/kjps.2018.22.1.54