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동계호밀재배가 고랭지 밭토양의 비옥도 증진에 미치는 영향

Effect of Winter Rye Cultivation to Improve Soil Fertility and Crop production in Alpine Upland in Korea

  • 장용선 (농촌진흥청 고령지농업연구소) ;
  • 이계준 (농촌진흥청 고령지농업연구소) ;
  • 주진호 (강원대학교 자원생물환경학과) ;
  • 이정태 (농촌진흥청 고령지농업연구소) ;
  • 안재훈 (농촌진흥청 고령지농업연구소) ;
  • 박철수 (KT&G 중앙연구원)
  • 발행 : 2007.12.31

초록

고랭지 밭토양의 동계 피복작물재배에 따른 밭토양의 지력증진과 증수효과를 분석하기 위하여 고랭지의 주요 재배작물인 감자와 배추를 대상으로 고랭지 농업지대에 적합한 동계 피복작물을 선발하고, 피복작물재배가 토양의 물리-화학적 특성 변화에 미치는 영향, 고랭지 작물의 생산성 및 병해발생 정도를 작부체계와 연계하여 비교 검토하였다. 고랭지에서 월동성이 가장 우수한 피복작물은 17개 시험초종 중 호밀이었으며, 호밀의 적정 파종기는8월 하순부터 9월 하순으로 10월 상순 서리가 내리기 이전까지는 파종하여야 할 것으로 판단되며, 토양의 물리-화학성은 윤작과 동계 호밀재배로 토양 공극 및 유기물 함량이 증가하는 경향으로 윤작보다 동계호밀재배에 의한 토양 물리성 개선 및 토양 화학성분의 함량증가가 현저하였다. 고랭지 감자와 배추에 대하여 매년 윤작으로 작부체계를 검토한 결과 동계호밀재배는 나지에 비하여 작부체계와 관계없이 수량은 $6{\sim}8%$증가하였다. 동계 호밀재배에 의한 토양관리 방법은 토양유실 방지효과와 더불어 감자의 수확량 증대, 감자의 병해 발생률을 감소시키므로 우량 씨감자 생산을 위한 새로운 농업기술로 적용되어야 할 것으로 생각된다.

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