Determination of Differences in the Nonvolatile Metabolites of Pine-Mushrooms (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.) According to Different Parts and Heating Times Using $^1H$ NMR and Principal Component Analysis

  • Cho, In-Hee (Department of Food Science and Technology, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Kim, Young-Suk (Department of Food Science and Technology, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Lee, Ki-Won (Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Konkuk University) ;
  • Choi, Hyung-Kyoon (College of Pharmacy, Chung-Ang University)
  • Published : 2007.10.30

Abstract

The differences in the nonvolatile metabolites of pine-mushrooms (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.) according to different parts and heating times were analyzed by applying principal component analysis (PCA) to $^1H$ nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy data. The $^1H$ NMR spectra and PCA enabled the differences of nonvolatile metabolites among mushroom samples to be clearly observed. The two parts of mushrooms could be easily discriminated based on PC 1, and could be separated according to different heattreated times based on PC 3. The major peaks in the $^1H$ NMR spectra that contributed to differences among mushroom samples were assigned to trehalose, succinic acid, choline, leucine/isoleucine, and alanine. The content of trehalose was higher in the pileus than in the stipe of all mushroom samples, whereas succinic acid, choline, and leucine/isoleucine were the main components in the stipe. Heating resulted in significant losses of alanine and leucine/isoleucine, whereas succinic acid, choline, and trehalose were the most abundant components in mushrooms heat-treated for 3 min and 5 min, respectively.

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