Acute toxicity of some pesticides on five Korean native Cladocerans

한국산 물벼룩에 대한 수종 농약의 급성독성

  • Kim, Byung-Seok (National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology. RDA) ;
  • Park, Yoen-Ki (National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology. RDA) ;
  • Park, Kyung-Hun (National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology. RDA) ;
  • Jeong, Mi-Hye (National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology. RDA) ;
  • You, Are-Sun (National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology. RDA) ;
  • Yang, Yu-Jung (National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology. RDA) ;
  • Shin, Jin-Sup (National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology. RDA) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Hwa (National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology. RDA) ;
  • Yoon, Seong-Myeong (Department of Science education, Chosun University) ;
  • Ahn, Young-Joon (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University)
  • 김병석 (농업과학기술원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 박연기 (농업과학기술원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 박경훈 (농업과학기술원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 정미혜 (농업과학기술원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 유아선 (농업과학기술원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 양유정 (농업과학기술원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 신진섭 (농업과학기술원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 김진화 (농업과학기술원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 윤성명 (조선대학교 과학교육학부) ;
  • 안용준 (서울대학교 농생명공학부)
  • Published : 2007.12.30

Abstract

The acute toxicity of several pesticides on 4 Korean water flea was investigated to develop a new standard species used for ecological risk assessment of pesticide. Four Korean freshwater cladocerans, Daphnia obtusa, Daphnia sp., Moina macrocopa and Simocepholus vetulus were exposed to five different pesticides during 48 hours to compare their sensitivity with a standard test species, Daphnia magna, endorsed formally by the major international organizations. The synthetic pyrethroid, fenpropathrin was the most toxic pesticide to cladocerans. Diazinon, carbofuran, iprodione and myclobutanil were in the order of their toxicity to cladocerans tested. There was no consistent difference in sensitivity to five pesticides for four Korean cladocerans tested. In conclusion, the ecological risk assessment using single species toxicity referred to base set data should not be enough to protect to every species in the field environment.

Keywords

ciadocera;acute toxicity;species sensitivity

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