Comparative toxicity of some pesticides on reproduction of Korean native freshwater Cladocerans, Moina macrocopa and Daphnia sp.

한국산 물벼룩 Moina macrocopa와 Daphnia sp.에 대한 수종 농약의 번식독성 비교

  • Kim, Byung-Seok (National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology. RDA) ;
  • Park, Yoen-Ki (National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology. RDA) ;
  • Park, Kyung-Hun (National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology. RDA) ;
  • Jeong, Mi-Hye (National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology. RDA) ;
  • You, Are-Sun (National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology. RDA) ;
  • Yang, Yu-Jung (National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology. RDA) ;
  • Shin, Jin-Sup (National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology. RDA) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Hwa (National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology. RDA) ;
  • Yoon, Seong-Myeong (Department of Science education, Chosun University) ;
  • Ahn, Young-Joon (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University)
  • 김병석 (농업과학기술원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 박연기 (농업과학기술원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 박경훈 (농업과학기술원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 정미혜 (농업과학기술원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 유아선 (농업과학기술원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 양유정 (농업과학기술원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 신진섭 (농업과학기술원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 김진화 (농업과학기술원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 윤성명 (조선대학교 과학교육학부) ;
  • 안용준 (서울대학교 농생명공학부)
  • Published : 2007.12.30

Abstract

The reproduction toxicity of several pesticides on two Korean water flea was investigated to develop a new standard species used for ecological risk assessment of pesticide. Moina macrocopa and Daphnia sp. were exposed to 4 different types of pesticides over 10 and 21 days, respectively. No-ohserved effect concentration (NOEC) for synthetic pyrethroid, fenpropathrin on Moina macrocopa and Daphnia sp. were 0.17 and $0.06\;{\mu}g\;L^{-1}$, respectively. Diazinon, carbofuran and myclobutanil were in the order of their reproduction toxicity to cladocerans tested. There were large differences between Moina macrocopa and Daphnia sp. in their susceptibility to fenpropathrin, diazinon and carbofuran except myclobutanil. Daphnia sp. is more sensitive than M. macrocopa to pesticides tested. Therefore Daphnia sp. may be a good surrogate species to assess the reproduction effect of pesticides on aquatic invertebrates. M. macrocopa also be a good surrogate species because it is one of the most abundant cladocera in agricultural environment, especially rice paddy in Korea. In addition to it's ecological importance of wide spread distribution, it has also economical importance to make possible to shorten period for reproduction test using M. macrocopa due to it's short life cycle.

Keywords

cladocera;reproduction;chronic toxicity;species sensitivity;Moina macrocopa;Daphnia sp.

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