A Comparison of Influencing Factors on Yangseng(養生) Level in Urban and Rural Elderly

도시와 농촌지역 노인들의 양생수준에 영향을 미치는 요인 비교

  • Chong, Dae-Seong (Dept. of Preventive Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Chong, Myong-Soo (Dept. of Preventive Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Lee, Ki-Nam (Dept. of Preventive Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Wonkwang University)
  • 정대성 (원광대학교 한의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 정명수 (원광대학교 한의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 이기남 (원광대학교 한의과대학 예방의학교실)
  • Published : 2007.12.31

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to seek for efficient method of health improvement program for the old and to offer basic material for the development of community's public health service. This study investigated into the yangseng life level of the old and the factors which affect their yangseng life, and was to offer basic materials for oriental medicine-based health improvement plan which is appropriate for each community. The 818 surveys were conducted upon the old who are above 65 and who live in Jeollabukdo, and the results from the survey are as follows ; 1. The rural area showed more percentage of old people, the old who live alone and who have job compared to urban area. More people in rural area were found to live at their own expense. Additionally, there were more people who had high education in urban area and who have disease in rural area. 2. The total yangseng level of recipients was 94.20, and the average was 3.25. The average of urbanite was 3.26 and it was 3.23 for who live in rustic area, but there found no significant difference. All the old live in both urban area and rural area showed the highest score in morality yangseng and lowest in sex-life yangseng. 3. There found no difference upon regions, but the recipients show high yangseng level when they are male, have spouse, live with them, have factors including high education background, job, religion and hobby, or have confidence in their health. They also show high yangseng level when they do not have any disease in progress. 4. According to the results of general traits and yangseng level of each category, the old who live in urban area show higher exercise yangseng level than the one in rural area, and there is no significant difference upon the region in other categories. There were some cases which general traits and regional characteristics mutually affected each other. In conclusion, the yangseng level of the old is affected by individual traits and habits rather than the regions in which they live. The old who live in rural area are required to focus on exercise more, since the exercise yangseng level of them were lower than the ones of urban area. Moreover, there were some cases which general traits and regional characteristics mutually affected each other, so it requires further in-depth study about the correlation.