An Experimental Study on Flow Characteristics of R134a in a Small Diameter Tube

세관내 R-134a의 유동특성에 관한 실험적 연구

  • 손창효 (부경대학교 기계공학부)
  • Published : 2007.12.31


The flow characteristics of R-134a in a small diameter tube was investigated experimentally. An experimental apparatus was consisted of a magnetic gear pump, an evaporator, a sight-glass, a condenser and a measurement instruments. The sight-glass for flow pattern observations was located at the inlet and outlet of the evaporator. The experiment was carried out to show the flow characteristics of R-134a in a small diameter tube. Mass flux of refrigerants was ranged from 100 to 1000 $kg/m^2s$, the saturation temperature was $30^{\circ}C$. In the flow patterns during evaporation, the annular flow in a 2 mm inner diameter tube occurred at a relatively lower quality and mass velocity, compared to that in a 8 mm inner diameter tube. The evaporation flow pattern in a small diameter tube has been shown major deviations with the Baker, Mandhane and Taitel-Dutler's flow pattern maps but it was similar to the Dobson's flow pattern map.


Annular flow;Flow pattern map;Small diameter tube