A Comparative Study on Eating Habit and Attitude of Elementary School Student by Obesity Indices

비만도에 따른 초등학생의 식습관과 식생활 태도 비교 연구

  • Kim, Gwi-Nam (Buyeong Elementary School) ;
  • Park, Ok-Im (Dept. of Consumer.Family-Child Studies, Univ. of Sunchon) ;
  • Moon, Hee (Dept. of Nursing, Gwangyang Health College)
  • 김귀남 (여수부영초등학교) ;
  • 박옥임 (순천대학교 소비자-가족아동학과) ;
  • 문희 (광양보건대학 간호과)
  • Published : 2007.12.29

Abstract

The aim of this study was to provide fundamental data by degree of obesity which was necessary to nutritional education for the formation of right eating and dietary guideline by researching food habits of children. In order to achieve this purpose, a survey was conducted on 3, 4, 5, 6th grade of students from 4 schools in S and G city in Jeolla-Namdo. The results was as follows. There were 384(44.4%) students were normal weight, 193(22.3) were overweight, and 287(33.2) were low weight by obesity indices. Comparing the student's subjective health condition among the degree of obesity, 40.4% of overweight recognized they were healthy, 30.1% recognized ordinary, and 57.1% of lean recognized they were healthy, 34.5% recognized ordinary. It was turned out that most students who were overweight and lean recognized healthy and normal. Family was reported to be the most impact factor on student's diet habits, and then Multimedia such as TV seemed to have a effect on overweight and lean students, but nutrition teachers had a direct influence on normal weight students. The most thing which eating habits for a reform was unbalanced diet. The students in this research have breakfast everyday and regularly. Regarding dietary attitudes, overweight group enjoyed eating healthy food more than normal and low body weight group did, and tried to eat what they have never eaten before. In conclusion, it's necessary for elementary school students that increase the control ability of self perceived health condition with education for good eating habit and grasp their condition themselves through the nutrition education in school.