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Cholesterol, Free Amino Acid, Nucleotide-related Compounds, and Fatty Acid Composition of Korean Hanwoo Bull Beef

한우수소의 부위별 Calorie, Cholesterol, 유리아미노산, 핵산관련물질 및 지방산조성

  • Published : 2007.12.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the compositions of different cuts of Hanwoo bull beef. 10 cuts [Abjin (short plate), Bosup (top sirloin), Cheggt (striploin), Dngsim (loin), Guri (chuck tender), Hongduke (eye of round), Moksim (chuck roll), Sulgit (bottom round), Udoon (top round), Yangi(brisket)] were prepared from 10 Hanwoo bulls (-24 month old) slaughtered during 3 consecutive days. There were no significant differences in the calorie contents among the 10 cuts (p<0.05). In cholesterol content, Hongduke was significantly lower (26.74 mg/100 g) and Abjin was significantly higher (31.08 mg/100 g) than the other cuts (p<0.05). Free amino acid analysis revealed that there were high contents of glutamate (94.33-216.36 mg/100 g) and alanine (154.88-200.31 mg/100 g), followed by arginine, phenylalanine and lysine in the 10 cuts. In addition, Abjin, Bosup, Cheggt, Hongduke, Sulgit and Udoon had significantly higher inosine monophosphate (IMP) contents than Dngsim or Moksim (p<0.05). Inosine contents were highest in Bosup and Sulgit, whereas hypoxanthine contents were highest in Guri (p<0.05). Total collagen contents were significantly higher in Abjin followed by Yangi, Guri and Moksim (p<0.05). With regard to fatty acid composition, Dngsim had significantly higher $C_{18:0}$ than the other cuts, and Udoon had significantly higher $C_{20:4n6}$ than the other cuts (p<0.05). Total contents of saturated fatty acids (SFA) were significantly higher in Abjin, Dngsim and Yangi, whereas total contents of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) were significantly higher in Hongduke than the other cuts (p<0.05).

Keywords

Hanwoo bull beef;calorie;free amino acids;cholesterol;inosine monophosphate

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