DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Developmental Characteristics of Soybean Podworm, Matsumuraeses phaseoli (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and Legume Pod Borer, Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on Semi-synthetic Artificial Diets

반합성 인공사료에서 팥나방(Matsumuraeses phaseoli)과 콩명나방(Maruca vitrata)의 발육 특성

  • Published : 2007.12.30

Abstract

Two lepidopteran species, Matsumuraeses phaseoli (Matsumura) and Maruca vitrata (syn. M. testulalis) (Fabricius) were reared on artificial diets, and analyzed in their developmental characteristics. Photoperiod was supplied with 16L/8D for M. phaseoli and with 13L/11D for M. vitrata, respectively. Both species passed five larval instars with discrete sizes of head capsule width. In a constant environment ($25^{\circ}C$ and 65%RH), the developmental period of M. phaseoli egg, larva and pupa was 3.9, ca. 16.0 and 8.9 days, respectively, and over 80% of M. phaseoli larvae could develop into pupae, most of which emerged into adults. Newly laid eggs could be stored at $5^{\circ}C$ for 15 days with over 50% hatchability. Similar developmental traits were shown in M. vitrata. However, a low temperature preservation was not applicable to M. vitrata eggs.

Keywords

Matsumuraeses phaseoli;Maruca vitrata;Indoor rearing;Artificial diet;Developmental characteristics

References

  1. Oku, T., Y. Miyahara, T. Fujimura and A. Toki. 1983. Preliminary note Matsumuraeses species (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) injuring soybeans in Tohoku district. Jpn. J. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 27: 28-34 https://doi.org/10.1303/jjaez.27.28
  2. Onyango, F.O. and J.P.R. Ochieng-Odero. 1993. Laboratory rearing of the legume pod borer, Maruca testulalis Geyer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on a semi-synthetic diet. Insect Sci. Application 14: 719-722
  3. Ochieng, R.S. and D.O.M. Bungu. 1983. Studies on the legume pod-borer Maruca testulalis (Geyer)-IV. A model for mass rearing: rearing on artificial diet. Insect Sci. Appl. 4: 83-88
  4. Wakamura, S. 1985. Identification of sex-pheromone components of the podborer, Matsumuraeses falcana (Walshingham) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 20: 189-198 https://doi.org/10.1303/aez.20.189
  5. Wakamura, S. and K. Kegasawa. 1986. Sex pheromone of the podborer, Matsumuraeses falcana (Walshingham) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): Activity of the third component, (E,Z)-7,9-dodecadienyl acetate, and 3-component formulation. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 21: 334-339 https://doi.org/10.1303/aez.21.334
  6. Downham, M.C.A., D.R. Hall, D.J. Chamberlain, A. Cork, D.l. Farman, M. Tamo, D. Dahounto, B. Datinon, and S. Adetonah. 2003. Minor components in the sex pheromone of legume podborer: Maruca vitrata development of an attractive blend. J. Chem. Ecol. 29:989-1011 https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022996103147
  7. Adati, T. and S. Tatsuki. 1999. Identification of female sex pheromone of the legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata and antagonistic effects of geometrical isomers. J. Chem. Ecol. 25: 105-115 https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1020841217376
  8. Tamo, M., D.Y. Ardokoun, N. Zenz, M. Tindo, C. Agboton and R. Adeoti. 2002. The importance of alternative host plants for the biological control of two key cowpea insect pests, the pod borer Maruca vitrata (Fabricius) and the flower thrips Megalurothrips sjostedti (Trybom). pp.81-93. In Challenges and opportunities for enhancing sustainable cowpea production. Proceedings of the World Cowpea Conference III held at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria, 4-8 September 2000. eds by CA Morgan, SA Tarawali, B.B. Singh, P.M. Kormawa and M. Tamo. 433pp. IITA, Ibadan
  9. Wakamura, S. and S. Kozai. 1984. Improvement of the method for mass-rearing of the soybean podworm, Matsumuraeses falcana Walsingham (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae: Olethreutinae). Jpn. J. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 28: 89-91 https://doi.org/10.1303/jjaez.28.89

Cited by

  1. Genetic Character and Insecticide Susceptibility on a Korean Population of a Subtropical Species, Maruca vitrata 2016, https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2016.06.0.024
  2. Rapid Cold-Hardening of a Subtropical Species, Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), Accompanies Hypertrehalosemia by Upregulating Trehalose-6-Phosphate Synthase 2017, https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvx153
  3. Can Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Over-winter in Suwon Area? 2016, https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2016.11.0.060
  4. Development of Matsumuraeses phaseoli (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Reared on an Artificial Diet under Outdoor Conditions and Its Over-wintering Stage vol.53, pp.3, 2014, https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2014.04.0.014
  5. Eclosion and Mating Behavior of Matsumuraeses phaseoli (Matsumura) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) vol.52, pp.3, 2013, https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2013.07.0.014
  6. Cellular Immune Response of the Legume Pod Borer, Maruca vitrata, and its Suppression by BtPlus to Enhance Bacillus thuringiensis Pathogenicity vol.21, pp.2, 2017, https://doi.org/10.7585/kjps.2017.21.2.150
  7. Species Identification and Developmental Biology of a Red Bean Pest in Ostrinia sp. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) vol.51, pp.4, 2012, https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2012.11.0.066
  8. Study on the Hatching Characteristics and Diet of the Stick Insect, Baculum elongatum (Phasmida: Phasmatidae) for Artificial Mass Rearing vol.26, pp.1, 2013, https://doi.org/10.7852/ijie.2013.26.1.061