National survey for genetic counseling and demands for professional genetic counselor

유전상담과 전문 유전상담사 수요에 대한 전국적인 조사

  • Chung, Yoon-Sok (Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Ajou University School of Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Sook-Ryung (Department of Medical Genetics, Ajou University School of Medicine) ;
  • Choi, Ji-Young (Department of Medical Genetics, Ajou University School of Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Hyon-J. (Department of Medical Genetics, Ajou University School of Medicine)
  • 정윤석 (아주대학교 의과대학 내분비대사내과학교실) ;
  • 김숙령 (아주대학교 의과대학 의학유전학과) ;
  • 최지영 (아주대학교 의과대학 의학유전학과) ;
  • 김현주 (아주대학교 의과대학 의학유전학과)
  • Published : 2007.12.01

Abstract

Purpose : The necessity of professional non-MD genetic counselor has been recently emphasized in a medical field. By conducting a national survey on the demands for generic counseling and professional non-MD generic counselor, we can make a long-term master plan to execute the educational program for professional genetic counselors and indeed promote genetic counseling in Korean health care service in a systemic manner. Methods : The survey has been conducted from September 3rd to October 4th of 2007 in a way of e-mail, telephone interview, fax, and direct contacts. It's targets were senior researchers and professors in medical and non-medical institutions, policy makers, research institutions or foundations. The survey questions consist of 16 questionnaires. Results : As a result of survey, 102 of 650 people responded. 80% of respondents indicated that genetic counseling is needed as a health care service and 34% among them considered it as "the most needed". In addition, 77% of the respondents showed that, it is necessary to have a professional non-MD genetic counselor with a master degree or higher in the field of medical genetics and among them 29% thought it as "the most necessary". A 77% of respondents considered that the cost of genetic counseling should be covered by health insurance and among them, 29% answered "strongly agreed". A 56% of respondents chose the answer of "They have a plan to hire the professional non-MD genetic counselor" in their institution, and among them 71% selected "within 5 years" in terms of when to hire. Also, they tend to expect the role of the professional non-MD genetic counselor to be not only "genetic counselor" (60%), but also "researcher" (42%), "educator" (18%) and "clinical laboratory coordinator" (19%). Conclusion : The 102 of 650 people responded to the survey. Based upon the nationwide survey over the needs on genetic counseling in health care service and demands on the professional non-MD genetic counselor, systematic educational program for the genetic counseling, with reimbursement coverage for counseling service by health insurance should be emphasized in development of a master plan.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 대한의학유전학회