A Study on the Relationship between Community Cohesion and Community Participation for the Foundation of Community Welfare Planning

지역사회복지계획의 기반조성을 위한 지역사회응집력과 지역사회참여의 관계에 관한 연구

  • Published : 2007.02.28

Abstract

Until now, the strategies for increasing community participation has been focusing on the administrative legal institutionalization, but these have not brought substantive effects. So, the need of strategies utilizing the community culture which was formed by the residents and community has been issued on recently. The purpose of this study is to explore the strategies utilizing the community culture. So, it was identified the socio-demographic variables affected the community cohesion (community social networks, community solidarity, place-attachment), that is called community spirit and culture. And through path analysis, it was analyzed the relationship among residents' socio-demographic background, community cohesion, and community participation. The findings are as follows. : the community cohesion's three elements altogether affected positively to the community participation. When regarding the residents characteristics, the strategies for increasing the participation relating to community solidarity was most relevant. the socio-demographics affecting to community solidarity are gender, age, the beneficiary, religion, job type, household income, the length of residence. the women was low at level of participation. The most important variables affecting the community cohesion are the age, the residence duration. Based on these results, the relevant strategies or approaches for increasing community participation are as follows. : using and sharing of the aged's community knowledge, making the long term living and final settlement of community residents, increasing and creating the income for the low-income residents, increasing of religious organization and its members' responsibility to community, and the purposeful extension and relevancy of women's participation. Ultimately, this study is to contribute to fomulate the residents- cultural asset driven's community welfare planning.