An Estimation of Social Welfare Resources in Korea

우리나라 사회복지 자원총량 추계에 관한 연구

  • Published : 2007.11.30

Abstract

The main purpose of this research is to figure out systematically the total amount of social welfare resources in Korea. For the stated purpose, this research (1) defines the concept of social welfare resource, (2) develops basic framework for measuring total amount of resources, (3) estimates total amount of social welfare resources based on the year of 2004, and (4) presents some implications of findings. Social welfare resource is defined as any valuable things, material or immaterial, that one can put into instrumental use in order to meet social needs or to resolve problems in the interaction process between human and the environment. Institutional sectors of social welfare resource consist the following 5 major areas derived from resource providers: The government, enterprise, market, the third sector (religion & welfare institutions, fundraising agencies, and NPOs), and community (families, relatives, and neighborhoods). For the estimation of the total amount of social welfare resources, this research takes advantages of both the major methods of provider centered approach and the intermediary agent centered approach. Based on the compromised method estimation, the total amount of social welfare resources in Korea in the year of 2004 is 147 trillion won (approximately, 148 billion dollars and 19% of GDP). Among them, central and local governments provide 52 trillion won. The private sector expends a total of 109 trillion won, which contains 44 trillion from enterprise, 54.3 trillion from market, 3.0 trillion from the third sector, and 8.3 trillion from the community. The enterprise and market share of welfare resources exceeds 66% of the total expenditure, and the market is expected to increase gradually in the near future.