Simulation of Temperature Changes of Rough Rice Stored in Round Steel Bin (I) - Development of a Simulation Model -

시뮬레이션에 의한 저장 벼의 곡온 예측

  • Keum D.H. (Dept. of Bio-Mechatronic Engineering, SungKyunKwan University) ;
  • Kim J.Y. (Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Sangju National University) ;
  • Kim H. (Korea Food Research Institute)
  • Published : 2006.08.01


A one-dimensional heat conduction problem in cylindrical coordinate system was solved using Crank-Nicolson finite difference method to predicting the temperature distribution in rice storage bin with wall insulator. The model can simulate the grain temperatures in insulated round bins using the input data of initial grain temperature. ambient air temperature, wind velocity, solar radiation on a horizontal surface, and thermal properties of grain, bin wall, wall insulator, insulator cover, and air. Temperatures were collected at the bin center, 0.65m in radial direction from the center, and near the bin wall in 2.7m diameter bin filled with rough rice to depth of 3.0m were used to validate the simulation model. Grain temperatures predicted by the model were in very good agreement with the measured temperatures. The residual mean square error between measured and predicted grain temperatures at the bin center was $1.38^{\circ}C$.


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