Dyeing Behavior of Low Temperature Plasma Treated Wool

  • Kan C.W. (Institute of Textiles and Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China)
  • Published : 2006.09.01

Abstract

In this paper, the effects of low temperature plasma (LTP) treatment on the dyeing properties of the wool fiber were studied. The wool fibers were treated with oxygen plasma and three types of dye that commonly used for wool dyeing, namely: (i) acid dye, (ii) chrome dye and (iii) reactive dye, were used in the dyeing process. For acid dyeing, the dyeing rate of the LTP-treated wool fiber was greatly increased but the final dyeing exhaustion equilibrium did not show any significant change. For chrome dyeing, the dyeing rate of the LTP-treated wool fiber was also increased but the final dyeing exhaustion equilibrium was only increased to a small extent. In addition, the rate of afterchroming process was similar to the chrome dyeing process. For the reactive dyeing, the dyeing rate of the LTP-treated wool fiber was greatly increased and also the final dyeing exhaustion equilibrium was increased significantly. As a result, it could conclude that the LTP treatment could improve the dyeing behavior of wool fiber in different dyeing systems.

References

  1. C. L. Bird, 'The Theory and Practice of Wool Dyeing', p.8, Society of Dyers and Colourists, Braford, U.K. 1971
  2. D. M. Lewis, 'Wool Dyeing', pp.5-13, Society of Dyers and Colourists, Bradford, 1992
  3. J. A. Maclaren and B. Milligan, 'Wool Science: The Chemical Reactivity of the Wool Fiber', pp.5-11, Milligan, Science Press, Marrickville, N.S.W., 1981
  4. H. Thomas and H. Hocker, Proceedings of the 9th International Wool Textile Research Conference, IV, p.351 (1995)
  5. J. D. Leeder and J. A. Rippon, Proceedings of the International Symp. on Fiber Science and Technology, II, 203 (1985)
  6. C. W. Kan, K. Chan, and C. W. M. Yuen, Fibers and Polymers, 5(1), 52 (2004) https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02875487
  7. H. J. Yan and W. Y. Guo, Proceedings of the Fourth Annual International Conference of Plasma Chemistry and Technology, 181 (1989)
  8. H. Hocker, H. Thomas, A. Kuster, and J. Herrling, Melliand Textilberichte/International Textile Reports, 75, E131 (1994)
  9. J. R. Aspland, Textile Chemist and Colorist, 23(10), 13 (1991)
  10. C. M. Chan, T. M. Ko, and H. Hiraoka, Surface Science Report, 24, 1 (1996) https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-5729(96)80003-3
  11. D. M. Lewis, 'Wool Dyeing', pp.224-227, Society of Dyers and Colourists, Bradford, 1992