Prevalence and Associated Factors of Excessive Daytime Sleepiness in Adults

성인에서의 주간 수면과다증의 유병률 및 관련 요인

  • Shin Kyung-Rim (College of Nursing Science, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Yi Hye-Ryeon (Institute of Human Genomic Study, Korea University) ;
  • Kim Jin-Young (College of Nursing Science, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Shin Chol (College of Medicine, Korea University)
  • 신경림 (이화여자대학교 간호과학대학) ;
  • 이혜련 (고려대학교 인간유전체연구소) ;
  • 김진영 (이화여자대학교 간호과학대학) ;
  • 신철 (고려대학교 의과대학)
  • Published : 2006.08.01

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to identify prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness(EDS) and its associations with sleep habits, sleep problems, depression, subjective health status and obesity in community dwelling adults. Method: Data was collected from adults aged 20-59 years by random sampling. Subjects completed a questionnaire which was composed of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, and questions that included items about sleep habits, sleep problems, subjective health status and sociodemographic characteristics. Height and weight were measured for calculation of body mass index. The statistical analyses was based on 3,302 adults (51.5% males and 48.5% females). Descriptive statistics, univariate logistic regression and multiple logistic regression were used. Result: The prevalence of EDS was 17.1% Multiple logistic regression showed that the associated factors of EDS were depression, obesity, dissatisfaction with sleep time, irregular sleep, and habitual snoring. Depression was the most significant associated factor(adjusted odds ratio for severe depression=2.27, 95% Confidence Interval=1.73-2.96). Conclusion: EDS is a common symptom in adults. Our finding suggested that persons with a complaint of EDS should be completely assessed for depression and obesity as well as sleep problems.

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