DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A study on the ecosystem-based management system for fisheries resources in Korea

생태계 차원에서의 수산자원관리 방안 연구

  • Zhang, Chang-Ik (Department of Marine Production Management, Pukyong National University)
  • 정창익 (부경대학교 해양생산관리학과)
  • Published : 2006.11.30

Abstract

The potential of ecosystem-based fisheries management is recently recognized to be very important to improve the sustainability of fisheries resources. Under the depressed condition of many fisheries resources, this recognition has been expanded and more effort has been taken to improve this approach. Taking ecosystem concept includes the use of other tools of management in addition to fisheries regulation, such as stock and productivity enhancement, provision of physical structure, or marine protected areas. In the ecosystem-based fisheries management approach, it would require to holistically consider ecological interactions of target species with predators, competitors, and prey species, the effects of climate on fisheries ecology, the complex interactions between fishes and their habitat, and the effects of fishing on fish stocks and their ecosystem. Fisheries management based upon the understanding of these factors can prevent significant and potentially irreversible changes in marine ecosystems caused by fishing. A useful approach for analyzing tropho-dynamic interactions and mass-balance in marine ecosystems is introduced to demonstrate the complexity and usefulness of the ecosystem approach, which was applied to a small ecosystem in Korea. Korea should seriously consider to take the ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management, since most major fish stocks are currently depleted due to many reasons such as overfishing, land reclamation and coastal pollution.

Keywords

Ecosystem-based approach;Fisheries management;Ecological interactions;Tropho-dynamics

References

  1. Allen, K.R., 1971. Relation between production and biomass. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can., 28, 1573 - 1581 https://doi.org/10.1139/f71-236
  2. Alverson, D.L., M.H. Freeberg, J.G. Pope and S.A. Murawski, 1994. A global assessment of fisheries bycatch and discards. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, No. 339 FAO. Rome, pp. 233
  3. Anderson, K.P. and E. Ursin, 1977. A multispecies extension of the Beverton and Holt theory of fishing with account of phosphorus circulation and primary production. Meddr. Danm. Fisk. - og Havunders, N.S., 7, 319-435
  4. Beverton, R.J.J. and S.J. Holt, 1957. On the dynamics of exploited fish populations. Fishery investigation, Series II, Marine fisheries, Great Britain Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. 19. pp. 533
  5. Dalsgaard, J.P.T., C. Lightfoot and V. Christensen, 1995. Towards quantification of ecological sustainability in farming systems analysis. Ecol. Eng., 4, 181 - 189 https://doi.org/10.1016/0925-8574(94)00057-C
  6. Gislason, H., M. Sinclair and K. Sainsbury, 2000. Symposium overview: incorporating ecosystem objectives within fisheries management. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57,468 - 475 https://doi.org/10.1006/jmsc.2000.0741
  7. Helgason, T. and H. Gislason, 1979. VPA - analysis with species interaction due to predation. ICES CM 1979/G, pp. 10
  8. Houghton, R.G., 1981. A mixed fishery assessment of the otter and beam trawl fisheries for flatfish in the North Sea. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. C. M.1981/G:28, pp. 16
  9. ICES, 1994. Report of the study group on seabird/fish interactions. ICES CM 1994/L;3, pp. 7
  10. ICES, 1995. Report of the study group on ecosystem effects of fishing activities. ICES Cooperative Research Report, 200, pp. 5
  11. ICNAF, 1974. lnt. Common Northwest Atlantic Fisheries. Annual Proceeding, 24, pp. 128
  12. Laevastu, T. and H.A. Larkins, 1981. Marine fisheries ecosystem : Its quantitative evaluation and management. Fishing News Books, Oxford. pp. 159
  13. Mahon, R., 1984. Towards the inclusion of fishery interactions in management advice. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 1347, pp. 350
  14. May, R.M., 1984. Exploitation of marine communities. Springer - Verlag, Life Sciences Research Report, 32, pp. 366
  15. May, R.M., J.R. Beddington, C.W. Clark, S.J. Holt and R.M. Laws, 1979. Management of multi species fisheries. Science, 205, 267 - 277 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.205.4403.267
  16. Murawski, S.A., 1984. Mixed species yield - perrecruitment analyses accounting for technological interactions. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 41, 897 - 916 https://doi.org/10.1139/f84-106
  17. Murawski, S.A., 2000. Definitions of overfishing from an ecosystem perspective. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57, 649 - 658 https://doi.org/10.1006/jmsc.2000.0738
  18. Pauly, D. and G.J. Murphy, 1982. Theory and management tropical fisheries. ICLARM Conference Proceedings, 9, pp. 360
  19. Pauly, D., V, Christensen and C. Waters, 2000. Ecopath, Ecosim and Ecospace as tools for evaluating ecosystem impact of fisheries. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57, 697 - 863 https://doi.org/10.1006/jmsc.2000.0726
  20. Pauly, D., V. Christensen, J. Dalsgaard, R. Froese and F. Torres Jr., 1998. Fishing down marine food webs. Science, 279, 860 - 863 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.279.5352.860
  21. Pikitch, E.K., 1987. Impacts of management regulations on the catch and utilization of rockfish in Oregon', Proceedings of the International Rockfish Symposium, October 20 - 22, 1986. Lowell Wakefield Fisheries Symposia Series. Alaska Sea Grant Report #87 - 2, May. 369 - 382
  22. Polovina, J.J., 1984. Model of a coral reef ecosystem. I. The ECOPATH model and its application to French Shoals. Coral Reefs, 3(1), 1-11 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00306135
  23. Pope, J.G., 1979. A modified cohort analysis in which constant natural mortality is replaced by estimateds of predation levels. ICES CM 1979/H. pp. 16
  24. Russell, E.S., 1931. Some theoretical considerations of the overfishing problem. J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer., 6, 1-20
  25. Seo, Y.I. and C.I. Zhang, 2001a. A study on the multi gear and multi - species fisheries assessment models in Korean waters. I. Multi - species by a single gear. J. Korean Fish. Soc., 34(4), 355 - 358
  26. Seo, Y.I. and C.I. Zhang, 2001b. A study on the multigear and multi - species fisheries assessment models in Korean waters. II. Single - species by multiple fisheries. J. Korean Fish. Soc., 34(4), 359 - 364
  27. Shepherd, J.G., 1984. A promising method for the assessment of multispecies fisheries. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Demersal Fish Committee, CM 1984/G, 4, 1 - 23
  28. Sparre, P., 1991. Introduction to multispecies virtual population analysis. ICES Mar. Sci. Symp., 193, 12-21
  29. Spencer, P.D., T.K. Wilderbuer and C.I. Zhang, 2002. A mixed - species yield model for eastern Bering Sea shelf flatfish fisheries. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci, 59, 291 - 301 https://doi.org/10.1139/f02-012
  30. Wooster, W.S. and C.I. Zhang, 2004. Regime shifts in the North Pacific: early indications of the 1976 - 1977 event. Progress in Oceanography, 60, 183 - 200 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2004.02.005
  31. Zhang, C.I, 1987. Biology and population dynamics of Alaska plaice, Pleuronectes quadrituberculatus, in the eastern Bering Sea. Doctoral dissertation. University of Washington, Seattle. pp. 255
  32. Zhang, C.I., 2002. Prospect of ecosystem - based fisheries management. J. Kor. Soc. Fish. Res., 5, 73 - 90
  33. Zhang, C.I., and S. Kim, 1999. Living marine resources of the Yellow Sea ecosystem in Korean waters: Status and perspectives. In Sherman, K. and Q. Tang. ed., Large Marine Ecosystems of the Pacific Rims, Blackwell Science, Ltd. England, pp. 341
  34. Zhang, C.I. and S.K. Lee, 2004. Trophic levels and fishing intensities in Korean marine ecosystems. J. Kor. Soc. Fish. Res., 6, 140 - 152
  35. Christensen, V. and D. Pauly, 1992. ECOPATH II a software for balancing steady ecosystem models and calculating network characteristics. Ecol. Modeling, 61, 169 - 185 https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3800(92)90016-8
  36. Zhang, C.I., J.B. Lee, S. Kim and J.H. Oh, 2000. Climate regime shifts and their impacts on marine ecosystem and fisheries resources in Korean waters. Progress in Oceanography, 47,171-190 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0079-6611(00)00035-5
  37. Jamieson, G.S. and N. Bourne, 1986. North Pacific workshop on stock assessment and management of invertebrates. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 92. 26 - 41
  38. Sugihara, G. Rapporteur, 1984. Ecosystem dynamics. In R.M. May(Ed.). Exploitation of marine communities. Springer - Verlag, Life Sciences Research Report 32, New York. pp. 245
  39. Mercer, M.C., 1982. Multispecies approaches to fisheries management advice. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 59, pp. 169
  40. Zhang, C.I., S. Kim and S.B. Yun, 1992. Stock assessment and management implications of small yellow croaker in Korean waters. Bull. Korean Fish. Soc., 25(4), 194 - 206
  41. FAO, 1995. Code of conduct for responsible fisheries. FAO, Rome, pp. 41
  42. Walters, C., V. Christensen and D. Pauly, 1997. Structuring dynamics models of exploited ecosystems from trophic mass - balance assessments. Review in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 7, 139 - 172 https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018479526149
  43. Christensen, V. and D. Pauly, 1995. Fish production, catches and the carrying capacity of the world oceans. NAGA, the ICLARM Q., 18(3), 34 - 40
  44. Larkin, P.A. and W. Gazey, 1982. Application of ecological simulation models to management of tropical multispecies fisheries', In theory and management of tropical fisheries, ed., by D. Pauly and G.I. Murphy. ICLARM Conference Proceedings, 9. 169 - 183

Cited by

  1. An ecosystem-based fisheries assessment approach for Korean fisheries vol.100, pp.1, 2009, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2008.12.002
  2. A study on the risk scoring and risk index for the ecosystem-based fisheries assessment vol.49, pp.4, 2013, https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2013.49.4.469
  3. Ecosystem-based resource assessment on coastal fisheries of Uljin in East Sea of Korea vol.50, pp.4, 2014, https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2014.50.4.567
  4. Comparison of Biological Characteristics of Pacific Cod Gadus microcephalus between the East and Yellow Seas, Korea vol.49, pp.4, 2016, https://doi.org/10.5657/KFAS.2016.0499
  5. Analysis of Trophic Structure and Energy Flows in the Uljin Marine Ranching Area, Korean East Sea vol.24, pp.6, 2018, https://doi.org/10.7837/kosomes.2018.24.6.750