Concentration Characteristics of PCBs in Pine Needle and Soil at Rural Area

교외지역에서 소나무 잎과 토양 중 PCBs의 농도 특성

  • Shin Eun-Sang (Department of Environmental Health, Dongnam Health College) ;
  • Yeo Hyun-Gu (Busan-Ulsan Regional Office of Small and Medium Business Administration(SMBA))
  • 신은상 (동남보건대학 환경보건과) ;
  • 여현구 (부산.울산지방중소기업청 기술지원과)
  • Published : 2006.03.01

Abstract

This study was to investigate concentration characteristics of atmospheric PCBs in soil sample and pine needle at rural area. Profiles of PCB congener detected in pine needle and soil sample have a difference that low molecular PCBs mainly existed in pine needle, whereas high molecular PCBs were mainly existed in soil sample because of their different vapor pressure and octanol-air partitioning coefficient($K_{OA}$) of each congeners. Correlation coefficients(r) of PCB congeners simultaneously detected in soil and pine needle were significant (r>0.71, p<0.01), which showed that PCB congeners patterns of atmosphere could be estimated in using pine needle and soil sample indirectly. The contributions(%) of higher molecular PCBs(>penta-CB) to total PCBs in soil sample were higher than those of pine needle and the contribution of lower molecular PCBs(

References

  1. Hippelein, M. and Mclachlan, M. S.: Soil/Air Partitioning of Semivolatile Organic Compounds. 1, Method Development and Influence of Physical-Chemical Properties, Environ. Sci Technol. 32(2), 310-316, 1998 https://doi.org/10.1021/es9705699
  2. Oh, J. O., Choi, J. S. and Chang, Y. S. : Gas/particle partitioning of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in atmosphere; evaluation of predicting models, Atmos. Environ. 35(24), 4125-4134, 2001 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(01)00201-1
  3. Lee, R. G. M. and Jones, K. G.:Gas-Particle Partitioning of Atmospheric PCDD/Fs:Measurement and Observations on Modeling, Environ. SCI: Technol. 33 (20), 3596-3604, 1999 https://doi.org/10.1021/es980994h
  4. Dolinova, J., Klanova, J., Klan, P. and Holoubek, I.: Photodegradation of organic pollutants on the spruce needle wax surface under laboratory conditions, Chemosphere 57(10). 1399 -1407. 2005 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.09.009
  5. Mateike, P., Pleseroval, L.. Budnova, G. and Havirova, K.: Vibrational biospectroscopy : what can we say about the surface wax layer of Norway spruce needles. J. Mol. Struct. 565566. 305-310. 2001
  6. Eriksson, G., Jensen, S., Kylin, H., and Strachan, W.:The pine needles as a monitor of atmospheric pollution, Nature 341(7), 42-44, 1989 https://doi.org/10.1038/341042a0
  7. McLachlan, M. S., Welsch-Pausch, K. and Tolls J.:Field Validation of a Model of the Uptake of Gaseous SOC in Lolium multiflorum(Rye Grass). Environ. Sci. Technol. 29(8), 1998-2004, 1995 https://doi.org/10.1021/es00008a018
  8. Ok G., Moon, H. B. and Ji, S. H.:Concentration levels and behavior characteristics of PCDDs/Fs in atmosphere, Organohalogen Compounds, 43, 209-212, 1999
  9. Niu, J .F., Chen, J. W., Henkelmann, B., Quan, X., Yang, F. L., Kettrup, A. and Schramm, K. W.: Photodegradation of PCDD/Fs adsorbed on spruce(Piece abies (L.) Karst) needles under sunlight irradiation, Chemosphere 50(9), 1217-1225, 2003 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(02)00509-X
  10. Thomas, G., Jones, J. L., and Jones, K. C.:Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and furan(PCDD/F) Uptake by Pasture, Environ. Sci Technol. 36(11), 2372-2378, 1998 https://doi.org/10.1021/es010176g
  11. Safe, S., Brown, K. W., Donnelly, K. C., Anderson, C. S., Markiewicz, K. V., McLachlan, M. S., Reischi, A. and Hutzinger, O.: Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Dibenzofurans Associated with Wood-Preserving Chemical Sites: Biomonitoring with Pine Needles, Environ. Sci. Technol. 26(2), 394-396, 1992 https://doi.org/10.1021/es00026a023
  12. Trapp, S. and Matthies, M.: Modelling volatilization of PCDD/F from soil and uptake into vegetation, Environ. Sci. Technol., 31, 71-74, 1997 https://doi.org/10.1021/es960133d
  13. Koester, C. J., and Hites, R. A.: Wet and Dry Deposition of Chlorinated Dioxins and Furans, Environ. Sci. Technol. 26(7), 1375-1382, 1992 https://doi.org/10.1021/es00031a015
  14. Cousins, I. T. and Jones, K. C.:Air-soil exchange of semivolatile organic compounds(SOCs) in UK, Environ. Pollu. 102, 105-118, 1998 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0269-7491(98)00069-4
  15. Hyun-Gu Yeo, Min-Kyu Choi, Man-Young Chun, Tae-Wook Kim, Young-Sunwoo: Estimation of Bio-Monitoring for PCBs Concentration in Air Using Plant, KOSAE, 18, 265-274, 2002
  16. Niu, J. F., Chen, J. W., Quan, X., Yang, F .L., Henkelmann, B. and Schramm, K. W.: Effects of UV-B on Photochemical Behavior of Fly Ash Particle-Associated PCDD/Fs, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 73, 717-724, 2004b
  17. Shim, I. Y., Yeo, H. G., Choi, M. G., Kim, T. W., and Chun, M. Y.:Spartial distribution of PCBs using pine needles, J. of KSEE, 24(12), 2227-2237, 2002
  18. Chun, M. Y.:A study on the deposion of PCBs in air on coniferous needles, J. of KSEE, 20(10), 1377-1383, 1998
  19. Thomas, G., Smith, K. E. C., Sweetman, A. J., and Jones, K. C.: Further studies of the air-pasture transfer of polychlorinated biphenyls, Environmental Pollution, 102, 119-128, 1998 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0269-7491(98)00070-0
  20. Halden, R. U. and Dwyer, D. W.: Biodegradation of Dioxin-Ralated Compounds: A Review, Bioremediation Journal 1(1), 11-25. 1997 https://doi.org/10.1080/10889869709351314
  21. Bacci, E, Calamari, D, Graggi, C. and Vichi, M.: Bioconcentration of organic chemical vapors in plant leaves: experimental measurement and correlation, Environ. Sci Technol., 24, 885-889, 1990b https://doi.org/10.1021/es00076a015
  22. Niu, J. F., Chen, J. W., Martens, D., Henkelmann, B., Quan, X., Yang, F. L. Seidlitz, H. K. and Schramm, K. W.: The role of UV-B on the degradation of PCDD/Fs and PAHs absorded on surfaces of spruce (Piece abies (L.) Karst) needles, Science of the total Environment, 322, 231-241, 2004a https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2003.09.017
  23. Guardo, A. D., Zaccara, S., Cerabolini, B., Acciarri, M., Terzaghi, G. and Calamari, D.: Conifer needles as passive biomonitors of the spatial and temporal distribution of DDT from a point source, Chemosphere 52(5), 789-797, 2003 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(03)00256-X
  24. Bacci, E, Cerejerira, M. J., Gaggi, C., Chemello, G., Calamari, D. and Vighi, M.: Bioconcentration of organic chemical vapors in plant leaves : the azalea model. Chemosphere, 21, 525-535, 1990a https://doi.org/10.1016/0045-6535(90)90023-M
  25. Correa, O., Rifai, H., Raun, L., Suarez., M. and Koenig., L.: Concentrations and vapour-particle partitioning of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in ambient air of Houston, TX., Atmos. Environ. 38(39), 6687-6699, 2004 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.09.005
  26. Tojo, T., Matsuda, M., Kawano, M. and Wakimoto, T.: Investigation on plant leaf as an indicator of air pollution by PCDDs/Fs, Organohalogen Compounds, 36, 401-404, 1998
  27. Mandalakis, M., Manolis, T., Tsoga, A. and Stephanou, E. G.: Gas-particle concentrations and distribution of aliphatic hydrocarbons, PAHs, PCBs and PCDD/Fs in the atmosphere of Athens (Greece), Atmos. Environ. 36(25), 4023 -4035, 2002 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(02)00362-X