Anxiety in Patients Undergone Hemopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

조혈모세포이식을 받은 환자의 불안

  • Choi, So-Eun (St' Mary's Hospital affiliated to the Catholic University of Korea) ;
  • Park, Ho-Ran (College of Nursing, The Catholic University) ;
  • Ban, Ja-Young (St' Mary's Hospital affiliated to the Catholic University of Korea)
  • 최소은 (가톨릭대학교 부속 성모병원 조혈모세포이식 병동) ;
  • 박호란 (가톨릭대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 반자영 (가톨릭대학교 부속 성모병원 조혈모세포이식 병동)
  • Published : 2006.02.28

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the influencing factors on anxiety of patients who had received hemopoietic stem cell transplantation(HSCT). Method: A total of 81 patients who had undergone a HSCT at a university hospital were recruited from July of 2001 to June of 2002. They were asked to complete questionnaires about anxiety, self-esteem, family support, doctor's support and nurse's support. Result: The mean score of anxiety, self-esteem, family support, doctor's support and nurse's support was 41.9, 3.0, 4.6, 7.6 and 7.3, respectively. A significant negative correlation was found between anxiety and self-esteem. Self-esteem was positively correlated with family support, doctor's support and nurse's support. The major variable that influenced anxiety was the self-esteem, explaining 25.4% of the anxiety. Conclusion: On the basis of these results, it is necessary for HSCT patients to develop a nursing intervention for the enhancement of self esteem. Also, family support, doctor's support and nurse's support should be considered as a main support system in the nursing strategy for improving the quality of life of patients undergone HSCT.