The Effects of Music Therapy on Anxiety, Nausea and Vomiting in Patients Receiving Total Body Irradiation for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

음악요법이 조혈모세포 이식 전 전신 방사선조사 시 불안, 오심과 구토에 미치는 효과

  • Lee, Jee-Hyun (Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Ward, St' Mary's Hospital affiliated to the Catholic University of Korea) ;
  • Kim, Nam-Cho (College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Seoul)
  • 이지현 (성모병원 조혈모세포병동) ;
  • 김남초 (가톨릭대학교 간호대학)
  • Published : 2006.02.28

Abstract

Purpose: The present study was to investigate the effect of music therapy on anxiety, nausea, and vomiting in patients undergoing total body irradiation (TBI) for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Method: A untreated control group with pretest and posttest was used in this study. A total of 35 patients receiving TBI for HSCT were recruited from a medical center at a university in Korea. The music therapy taking for 15-20 minutes per a time was performed twice a day for three days while the patients in the experimental group were undergoing the TBI. Results: The scores of state anxiety, nausea and vomiting tended to increase in the control group as compare with those in the experimental group. The patients in the control group had been administerd antiemetics more often than those in the experimental group. The levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and the pulse rates in the experimental group tended to decrease after the experiment. However, there was no statistically significant differences in anxiety, nausea, vomiting, blood pressure, and pulse between the groups. Conclusion: It is suggested to repeat this study with a enough sample size.