A Study on the Development of Eco-friendly Environmental Indicators for Saemangeum Project

새만금사업의 친환경개발지표 설정 연구

  • Ryu, Jae-Hong (City Environmental Design Institute, Dong-Eui University) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Hoon (Department of Environmental Engineering, Suwon University) ;
  • Koo, Ja-Kon (Environmental Science & Technology Institute, Yonsei University)
  • 류재홍 (동의대학교 도시환경디자인연구소) ;
  • 이상훈 (수원대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 구자건 (연세대학교 환경과학기술연구소)
  • Received : 2006.06.20
  • Accepted : 2006.07.27
  • Published : 2006.08.30

Abstract

Saemangeum reclamation project was started in 1991 with the purpose of eco-friendly reclamation, but without clear definition of eco-friendliness. This study was carried out to find out the environmental indicators to define and evaluate the eco-friendliness of Saemangeum project. The methodology to identify the indicators included the analysis of similar reclamation projects, professional discussions, and Delphi survey. The eco-friendly indicators are theoretically based on the five elements of eco-friendliness; 1) resource consumption, 2) energy consumption, 3) pollution emission, 4) bio-diversity, 5) social amenity. The 69 indicators were explained in detail for the convenient use of the indicators by the potential users. The 69 indicators were classified into three categories such as pre-evaluation, process evaluation, and post-evaluation. In terms of spatial consideration, the 69 indicators were classified into two categories such as direct influence area and indirect influence area. Also the 69 indicators were classified into 7 categories: 1) sea, 2) lake, 3) agricultural land use, 4) industrial land use, 5) residential land use, 6) tourism land use, and 7) environmental land use. Twenty core indicators were selected from the 69 indicators by surveying the importance of each indicator. The core indicators are recommended in case of time and budget strain. When there are few quantitative data accumulated for the reclamation project, 5 macro indicators are recommended to be used. Macro indicators are qualitative in nature, and may be used in order to evaluate the overall eco-friendliness of a reclamation project.

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