Effective Global Placement Technique Using Quadratic Programming

Quadratic Programming을 이용한 효과적인 광역배치 기법

  • Kim Dong-Hyun (Department of Computer Eng., Dong-A University) ;
  • Hur Sung-Woo (Department of Computer Eng., Dong-A University)
  • 김동현 (동아대학교 컴퓨터공학과) ;
  • 허성우 (동아대학교 컴퓨터공학과)
  • Published : 2006.06.01


In this paper, we propose an effective global placement technique using quadratic programming(QP). In order to resolve cell congestion problem which is a drawback of QP based placement techniques, additional force and grid pre-warping technique are used. We devised a new density function for evaluating proper additional force which depends on density. Grid pre-warping technique relocates cells over entire area according to the relative ordering between coordinates of cells. Using the additional force obtained by the new density function and applying the pre-warping technique iteratively we obtained a well-distributed global placement. Mongrel which is a middle-down methodology based placer takes such a good global placement as an initial placement and produces a final detailed placement. Experimental results show that proposed technique outperforms the FM algorithm based global placement and are comparable with the well-known leading placers, FengShui, Dragon.


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