Effects of Sulfur Fertilizer on the Expression of 11S and 7S Seed Storage Proteins of Soybean

  • El-Shemy Hany A. (Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University) ;
  • Nguyen Nguyen Tran (Graduate School of Biosphere Sciences, Hiroshima University) ;
  • Ahmed Sherif H. (Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University) ;
  • Fujita Kounosuke (Graduate School of Biosphere Sciences, Hiroshima University)
  • Published : 2006.03.01

Abstract

The differential response of soybean cultivars with or without sulfur (S) application was observed under fold conditions. Plant biomass decreased by sulfur deficiency but the reduction was less in Bragg variety about 26 % relative to the control than other ones over 45%, probably due to less reduction in loaves and pods. The photosynthetic rate of Bragg cultivar was also unaffected by the absence of sulfur application while it depressed in other lines. Soybean cultivars were compared in terms of storage protein, protein quality and biomass production by application of sulfur nutrition. The storage protein concentration tended to decrease without sulfur application in all the cultivars, however the differential response of protein quality only by 11S/7S ratio to sulfur nutrition status was observed: For instance, Bragg cultivar had higher biomass and protein production but protein quality decreased at sulfur deficiency. On the other hand, biomass and protein production in other cultivars remained louver at sulfur deficiency but protein quality differed genetically in spite of sulfur nutrition status. These results suggest that the response of soybean to sulfur nutrition is controlled by genotypic difference and sulfur supply status.

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