DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effect of Cassava Hay in High-quality Feed Block as Anthelmintics in Steers Grazing on Ruzi Grass

  • Wanapat, Metha (Tropical Feed Resources Research and Development Center (TROFREC), Department of Animal Science Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Khampa, S. (Tropical Feed Resources Research and Development Center (TROFREC), Department of Animal Science Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University)
  • 투고 : 2005.07.13
  • 심사 : 2005.11.02
  • 발행 : 2006.05.01

초록

Six, one-year old dairy steers were randomly divided into two groups according to a Completely randomized design (CRD) to receive high-quality feed block (HQFB) without cassava hay and drenching (HQFB1+Ivomex) and HQFB with cassava hay (HQFB2) as block licks while grazing on Ruzi grass pasture. During the eight weeks, fecal parasitic egg counts dramatically declined for both treatment groups with 63.2 and 27.6% reduction from initial period for HQFB1+Ivomex and HQFB2, respectively. However, digestion of coefficients of nutrients particularly OM, were significantly higher in HQFB2 than, those in HQFB1+Ivomex, in addition, ADG of animals in HQFB2 tended to be higher than the group on HQFB1. It was, hence concluded that cassava hay could not only provide as a protein source but also serve as an anthelmintic in ruminants.

키워드

Cassava Hay;High-quality Feed Block;Anthelmintics;Ruminants

참고문헌

  1. AOAC. 1985. Official Methods of Analysis. Association of Official Analysis Chemists, DC, USA
  2. Hong, N. T. T., M. Wanapat, C. Wachirapakorn, P. Pakdee and P. Rowlinson. 2003. Effect of timing of initial cutting and sequent cutting on yields and chemical compositions of cassava hay and its supplementation on lactating dairy cows. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:1763-1769 https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2003.1763
  3. SAS. 1998. SAS/STAT User's Guide. Version 6.12. SAS Inc., Cary, NC, USA
  4. Van Keulen, J. and B. A. Young. 1977. Evaluation of acid insoluble ash as a neutral marker in ruminant digestibility studies. J. Anim. Sci. 44:282-287 https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1977.442282x
  5. Wanapat, M., A. Petlum and O. Pimpa. 2000a. Supplementation of cassava hay to replace concentrate use in lactating Holstein Friesian crossbreds. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 13:600-604 https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2000.600
  6. Sokerya, S. and T. R. Preston. 2003. Effect of grass or cassava foliage on growth and nematode parasite infestation in goats fed low or high protein diets in confinement. MEKARN MSc, 2001-2003
  7. Athanasiadou, S., I. Kyriazakis, F. Jackson and R. L. Coop. 2000. Effects of short-term exposure to condensed tannins on an adult Trichostrongylus colubriformis. Vet. Rec. 146:728-732 https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.146.25.728
  8. Granum, G. M., M. Wanapat, P. Pakdee and C. Wachirapakorn. 2002. The effect of cassava hay supplementation on weight change, dry matter intake, digestibility and intestinal parasites in swam buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) and cattle (Bos indicus). In: Proceeding Agriculture Conference, Narasuan University, Pitsanuloke, Thailand, July 26-30
  9. Goering, H. K. and P. J. Van Soest. 1970. Forage Fiber Analysis (apparatus, reagent, procedures and some application). Agric. Handbook No. 379, ARS, USDA, Washington, DC
  10. Sokerya, S. and L. Rodriguez. 2001. Foliage from cassava, Flemingia macrophylla and bananas compared with grasses as forage sources for goats: effects on growth rate and intestinal nematodes. Livestock Res. Rural Dev. 13
  11. Butter, N. L., J. M. Dawson, D. Wakelin and P. J. Buttery. 2000. Effect of dietary tannin and protein concentration on nematode infection (T. colubriformis) in lambs. J. Agric. Sci. 134:89-99 https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859699007315
  12. Zajac, A. M. 1994. Fecal examinationin the diagnosis of parasism. In. veterinary College Press, Ames, Iowa
  13. Hur, S. N., A. L. Moland and J. O. Cha. 2005. Effects of feeding condensed tannin-containing plants on natural coccidian infection in goats. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:1262-1266 https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2005.1262
  14. Athanasiadou, S., I. Kyriazakis, F. Jackson and R. L. Coop. 2001. Direct anthelmintic effects of condensed tannins towards different gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep: in vitro and in vivo studies. Vet. Parasitol. 99:205-219 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4017(01)00467-8
  15. Wanapat, M., T. Puramongkon and W. Siphuak. 2000b. Feeding of cassava hay for lactating dairy cows. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 13:478-482 https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2000.478
  16. Netpana, N., M. Wanapat and W. Toburan. 2001. Effect of condensed tannins in cassava hay on fecal parasitic egg counts in swam buffaloes and cattle. In: Proceeding of the international Workshop on Current Research and Development of cassava as animal feeds, organized by Khon Kaen University and Swedish International Development Agency (SAREC), July 23-24, Kosa Hotel, Thailand
  17. Wanapat, M. 2000. Rumen manipulation to increase the efficient use of local feed resources and productivity of ruminants in the tropics. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 13(Suppl.):59-67
  18. Bown, M. D., D. P Popp and A. R. Sykes. 1991. The effect of post-ruminal infusion of protein or energy on the pathophysiology of Trichostrongylus colubriformis infection and body composition in lambs. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 42:253- 267 https://doi.org/10.1071/AR9910253
  19. Geerts, S. and P. Dorny. 1996. Anthelmintic resistance to helminths of animals and man in the tropics. Bulletin des Seande Academie Royale des Sciences d'Outre Mer 41:401- 421
  20. Wanapat, M. 1990. Nutritional Aspects of Ruminant Production in Southeast Asia with Special Reference to Thailand. Funny Press, Ltd., Bangkok, Thailand

피인용 문헌

  1. Effects of various plant protein sources in high-quality feed block on feed intake, rumen fermentation, and microbial population in swamp buffalo vol.43, pp.8, 2011, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-011-9836-y
  2. New roughage source of Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mahasarakham utilization for ruminants feeding under global climate change vol.31, pp.12, 2018, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0210