DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effect of Soybean Oil Supplementation on the Contents of Plasma Cholesterol and Cis9, trans11-CLA of the Fat Tissues in Sheep

  • Choi, S.H. ;
  • Wang, J.H. ;
  • Kim, Y.J. ;
  • Oh, Y.K. ;
  • Song, M.K.
  • Received : 2005.08.18
  • Accepted : 2006.01.31
  • Published : 2006.05.01

Abstract

A feeding trial was conducted with 10 sheep for 12 weeks to examine the effect of soybean oil (SBO) supplementation on long-chain fatty acids composition, especially cis9,trans11-conjugated linoleic acid (c9,t11-CLA) in fat tissues. Sheep were fed either a SBO supplemented diet (5%, DM basis) or a control diet without SBO. Chopped rye grass hay was fed as roughage. Concomitant increases in contents of total cholesterol (T-C) and HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) in the plasma of sheep were observed from the SBO supplementation. The supplementation of SBO reduced (p<0.05) the proportions of $C_{16:1}$, $C_{17:0}$ and $C_{17:1}$ but increased (p<0.05) the proportions of $C_{18:0}$ and octadecenoic acid (t11-$C_{18:1}$) in the intramuscular fat. The $C_{18:0}$ proportion only in the subcutaneous fat was increased (p<0.05) by the SBO supplementation. The SBO supplementation slightly increased CLA proportion in the intramuscular fat and subcutaneous fat.

Keywords

Soybean Oil;Fat Tissue;C9;t11-CLA;Cholesterol;t-FA;Sheep

References

  1. Erasmus, Udo. 1993. Margarines, shortenings, and trans-fatty acids. Fats that heal, fats that kill. pp. 106-112
  2. Ivan, M., P. S. Mir, K. M. Koenig, L. M. Rode, L. Neill, T. Entz and Z. Mir. 2001. Effects of dietary sunflower seed oil on rumen protozoa population and tissue concentration of conjugated linoleic acid in sheep. Small Ruminant Res. 41:215-227 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-4488(01)00220-6
  3. Kennelly, J. J. 1996. The fatty acid composition of milk fat as influenced by feeding oil seeds. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 60:137-152 https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(96)00973-X
  4. Kott, R. W., P. G. Hatfield, J. W. Bergman, C. R. Flynn, H. Van Wagoner and J. A. Boles. 2003. Feedlot performance, carcass composition, and muscle and fat CLA concentrations of lambs fed diets supplemented with safflower seeds. Small Rumin. Res. 2328:1-7
  5. Lepage, G. and C. C. Roy. 1986. Direct transesterification of all classes of lipid in a one-step reaction. J. Lipid Res. 27:114-121
  6. Mir, Z., L. A. Goonewardene, E. Okine, S. Jaegar and H. D. Scheer. 1999. Effect of feeding canola oil on constituents, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and fatty acid profiles in goats milk. Small Rumin. Res. 33:137-143 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-4488(99)00016-4
  7. Sugano, M., A. Tsujita, M. Yamasaki, K. Yamada, I. Ikeda and D. Kritchevsky. 1997. Lymphatic recovery, tissue distribution, and metabolic effects of conjugated linoleic acid in rats. J. Nutr. Biochem. 8:38-43 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0955-2863(96)00150-7
  8. Hegsted, D. M., R. B. McGandy and M. L. Myers. 1965. Quantitative effects of dietary fat on serum cholesterol in man. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 17:281-295 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/17.5.281
  9. Wang, J. H. and M. K. Song. 2003. pH affects the in vitro formation of cis-9, trans-11 CLA and trans-11 octadecenoic acid by ruminal bacteria when incubated with oilseeds. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:1743-1748 https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2003.1743
  10. NRC. 1985. Nutrient Requirements of Sheep (6th ed.). National Academy of Science. Washington, DC
  11. NRC. 2001. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle (7th ed.). National Academy of Science. Washington, DC
  12. SAS. 1985. SAS User′s Guide: Statistical Analysis Systems Institute, Inc., Cary, NC
  13. Kelly, M. L., L. R. Berry, D. A. Dwyer, J. M. Griinari, P. Y. Chouinard, M. E. V. Amburgh and D. E. Bauman. 1998. Dietary fatty acid sources affect conjugated linoleic acid concentrations in milk from lactating dairy cows. J. Nutr. 128:881-885
  14. Nestel, P., M. Noakes, B. Belling, R. McCarthur, P. Clifton, E. Janus and M. Abbey. 1992. Plasma lipoprotein lipid and Lp(a) changes with substitution of elaidic acid for oleic acid in the diet. J. Lipid Res. 33:1029-1036
  15. Rudel, L. L., J. S. Parks., C. C. Hendirck, M. Thomas and K. Williford. 1998. Lipoprotein and cholesterol metabolism in diet-induced coronary artery atherosclerosis in primates. Role of cholesterol and fatty acids. Prog. Lipid Res. 37:353-370 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0163-7827(98)00015-0
  16. Banni, S., G. Carta, M. S. Contini, E. Angioni, M. Deiana, M. A. Dessi, M. P. Melis and F. P. Corongou. 1996. Characterization of conjugated diene fatty acids in milk, dairy products, and lamb tissue. Nutr. Biochem. 7:150-155 https://doi.org/10.1016/0955-2863(95)00193-X
  17. Keys, A., J. T. Anderson and F. Grande. 1965. Serum cholesterol response to changes in diet. IV. Particular saturated fatty acids in the diet. Metabolism. 17:776-787
  18. de Deckere, E. A. M., J. M. M. van Amelsvoort, G. P. McNeill and P. Jones. 1999. Effects of conjugated fatty acid (CLA) isomers on lipid levels and peroxisomr proliferation in the hamster. Br. J. Nutr. 82:309-317
  19. Freund, R. J., R. C. Littell and P. C. Spector. 1986. SAS system for linear models, 1986 Edition, Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc
  20. Mir, Z., M. L. Rushfeldt, P. S. Mir, L. J. Paterson and R. J. Weselake. 2000. Effect of dietary supplementation with either conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) or linoleic acid rich oil on the CLA content of lamb tissues. Small Rumin. Res. 36:25-31 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-4488(99)00087-5
  21. Michal, J. J., B. P. Chew, T. D. Schultz and T. S. Wong. 1992. Interaction of conjugated dienoic derivatives of linoleic acid with carotene on cellular host defence. FASEB J. 6:A1102
  22. Bessa, R. J., J. Santos-Silva, J. M. Ribeiro and A. V. Portugal. 2000. Reticulo-rumen biohydrogenation and the enrichment of ruminal edible products with linoleic acid conjugated isomers. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:201-211
  23. Wang, J. H., S. H. Choi and M. K. Song. 2003. Effects of concentrate and roughage ratio on the formation of cis-9, trans- 11 CLA and trans-11-octadecenoic acid in rumen fluid and plasma of sheep when fed high oleic or high linoleic acid oils. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 16:1604-1609 https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2003.1604
  24. AOAC. 1995. Official Methods of Analysis (15th ed.). Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC
  25. Van Soest, P. J., J. B. Robertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fibre, neutral detergent fiber and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3597 https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78551-2
  26. Wang, J. H., M. K. Song, Y. S. Son and M. B. Chang. 2002. Effect of concentrate level on the formation of conjugated linoleic acid and trans-octadecenoic acid by ruminal bacteria when incubated with oilseeds in vitro. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15:687-694 https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2002.687
  27. Folch, J., M. Lee and G. H. Sloan-Stanley. 1957. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissue. J. Biol. Chem. 226:497-509
  28. Ha, Y. L., N. K. Grimm and M. W. Pariza. 1987. Anticarcinogens from fried ground beef: heat-altered derivatives of linoleic acid. Carcinogenesis. 8(12):1881-1887 https://doi.org/10.1093/carcin/8.12.1881
  29. Wood, R., K. K. Kubena, B. Obrein, S. Tseng and G. Martin. 1993. Effect of butter, mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acid-enriched butter, trans-fatty acid margarine, and zero trans-fatty acid margarine on serum lipids and lipoproteins in healthy men. J. Lipid Res. 34:1-11

Cited by

  1. Rumen microbial response in production of CLA and methane to safflower oil in association with fish oil or/and fumarate vol.82, pp.3, 2011, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-0929.2010.00857.x
  2. Conjugated fatty acids and methane production by rumen microbes when incubated with linseed oil alone or mixed with fish oil and/or malate vol.86, pp.8, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1111/asj.12354
  3. Feedlot performance and carcass traits of hairbreed ewe lambs in response to zilpaterol hydrochloride and soybean oil supplementation vol.93, pp.6, 2015, https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2014-8723
  4. Dietary linseed oil with or without malate increases conjugated linoleic acid and oleic acid in milk fat and lipoprotein lipase and stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase gene expression in mammary gland and milk somatic cells of lactating goats vol.94, pp.8, 2016, https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2016-0291
  5. Impact of zilpaterol hydrochloride and soybean-oil supplementation on intramuscular fat, fatty acid profile and cholesterol concentration in the longissimus muscle of male hair lamb under moderate heat-stress conditions vol.58, pp.10, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1071/AN16747

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Chungbuk National University