The Cryoprotective Effect on Frozen-thawed Boar Semen of Egg Yolk Low Density Lipoproteins

  • Hu, Jian-hong (College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry) ;
  • Li, Qing-Wang (College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry) ;
  • Li, Gang (College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry) ;
  • Chen, Xiao-Yu (College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry) ;
  • Hai-Yang, Hai-Yang (College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry) ;
  • Zhang, Shu-Shan (College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry) ;
  • Wang, Li-Qiang (College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry)
  • Received : 2005.09.15
  • Accepted : 2005.11.18
  • Published : 2006.04.01


In order to protect the spermatozoa against cold shock, hen egg yolk is widely used as a cryoprotective agent in semen freezing extenders for domestic animals. The protective action of yolk is largely presumed to be due to low density lipoproteins (LDL). The effects of LDL on sperm quality of bull and northern pike (Esox lucius) after freezing-thawing have been reported, but no study has been made to evaluate the effect of LDL on boar sperm motility and other characteristics. The experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of LDL on the freezing of boar sperm in 0.25 ml straws. The aim was to evaluate the quality of boar spermatozoa cryopreserved in the presence of LDL. Motility of semen cryopreserved in LDL was analyzed and compared to semen cryopreserved with Tris-citric acid-glucose (TCG) and Tris-citric acid-fructose (TCF), two basic freezing extenders containing egg yolk. Similarly, acrosome and plasma membrane integrity were also evaluated and compared to semen cryopreserved with TCG and TCF. Analysis of sperm quality after freeze-thaw showed that the motility, acrosome and plasma membrane integrity were improved with LDL in the extender, as compared to the TCG and TCF. The highest post-thaw integrity of acrosome and plasma membrane and motility were obtained with 9% LDL (w/v). Consequently, the optimum LDL concentration in the extender was 9%. It is also suggested that the concentration of LDL addition is important for the effect on boar sperm protection during freezing and thawing. The percentage of motile spermatozoa was significantly higher after freezing in 9% LDL than in TCG and TCF 54.4% versus 30.4% and 30.1% (p<0.05), respectively. The integrity of acrosome and plasma membrane were also significantly higher at 70.3% and 50.5% respectively with semen frozen in 9% LDL extender compared to TCG at 37.8% and 30.3% and TCF at 36.4% and 29.9%, respectively (p<0.05),. In conclusion, we propose that extender containing LDL extracted from hen egg yolk could be used as a cryoprotective media with a better efficiency than TCG and TCF. LDL improved boar semen quality, allowing better spermatozoa motility, acrosome and plasma membrane integrity after the freeze-thaw process. Furthermore, we found out that the extender with 9% LDL concentration significantly enhanced motility, acrosome and plasma membrane integrity of boar sperm after freezing and thawing.


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