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Effects of Different Products and Levels of Selenium on Growth, Nutrient Digestibility and Selenium Retention of Growing-finishing Pigs

  • Tian, J.Z. (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Yun, M.S. (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kong, C.S. (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Piao, L.G. (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Long, H.F. (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, J.H. (Agribrands Purina Korea, Inc.) ;
  • Lee, J.H. (Agribrands Purina Korea, Inc.) ;
  • Lim, J.S. (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, C.H. (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Y.Y. (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Han, In K. (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University)
  • Received : 2005.03.03
  • Accepted : 2005.08.30
  • Published : 2006.01.01

Abstract

This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of different selenium (Se) products (inorganic, organic A, organic B) added at two supplemental dietary Se levels (0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg) on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and Se retention in growing-finishing pigs. A $3{\times}2$ factorial arrangement of treatments was used in a RCB design, with a non-Se-fortified basal diet serving as the negative control. A total of 56 crossbred pigs (28 male and 28 female pigs) initially weighing an average $28.45{\pm}0.53kg$ BW were allotted to each treatment with four pigs per pen on the basis of sex and weight. Two pigs per pen were selected and bled from the anterior vena cava at 3- weekly intervals to analyze Se concentration. In the growing phase (0-6 weeks), increased ADFI was observed when pigs were fed organic Se compared to those fed the control diet or inorganic Se treatment (p<0.05). Pigs fed inorganic Se had a great ADFI than pigs fed organic Se (p<0.05) in the late finishing phase (7-12 weeks), although there were no differences in whole period ADFI between organic or inorganic Se products. During 12 weeks of the whole experimental period, serum Se concentration increased linearly when dietary Se level increased regardless of Se products (p<0.05). Both dietary Se source (p<0.05) and Se level (p<0.01) influenced the Se concentration of various pig tissues at end of this experiment and Se content was the highest in the kidney. For the determination of nutrient digestibility, a metabolic trial was conducted in 3 replicates in randomized complete block (RCB) design. A total of 21 barrows ($50.21{\pm}0.62kg$ of average BW) were used in the metabolic study. Selenium supplementation had no effect on nutrient digestibility except for crude protein. Crude protein digestibility increased with dietary supplementation of organic Se (A) compared with other forms of Se products or control diet (p<0.05). Consequently, this experiment indicated that dietary Se products and levels had no effect on growth performance of pigs. Se concentration in tissues and serum was increased in proportion to dietary Se level, especially when organic Se was provided. Although pigs were fed organic forms of Se, bioavailability of organic forms varied among products, consequently bioactivity of organic products to the animals should be evaluated before practical application in animal feed.

Keywords

Selenium Source;Growth;Nutrients Digestibility;Serum Se;Se Retention

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Agribrands Purina Korea, Inc.

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