Study on the Waste Treatment Status and Characteristics in the Small Villages

농촌마을의 생활폐기물 처리실태 및 발생특성 연구

  • Lee, Hyeong-Jin (Resource Recirculation Division National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Choi, Hun-Geun (Resource Recirculation Division National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Sung-Bum (Resource Recirculation Division National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Cho, Mun-Sik (Resource Recirculation Division National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Seong-Mi (Resource Recirculation Division National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Park, Soo-Jeong (Resource Recirculation Division National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Chung, Il-Rok (Resource Recirculation Division National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Oh, Gil-Jong (Resource Recirculation Division National Institute of Environmental Research)
  • 이형진 (국립환경과학원 자원순환과) ;
  • 최훈근 (국립환경과학원 자원순환과) ;
  • 김성범 (국립환경과학원 자원순환과) ;
  • 조문식 (국립환경과학원 자원순환과) ;
  • 김성미 (국립환경과학원 자원순환과) ;
  • 박수정 (국립환경과학원 자원순환과) ;
  • 정일록 (국립환경과학원 자원순환과) ;
  • 오길종 (국립환경과학원 자원순환과)
  • Received : 2006.02.07
  • Accepted : 2006.03.10
  • Published : 2006.03.30

Abstract

In order to improve the waste management system for the unit of small villages, we visited 14 counties nationwide and investigated the present conditions of the farming and fishing villages on waste management. First, we selected one concentrated residential type village and one separated residential type village. Then we investigated the quantities and the characteristics of the domestic wastes generated from the 2 sample villages that we chose early on. The concentration of 7 heavy metals in open burned residuals was analyzed. The results are as follows: (1) We distributed the 799 questionnaires to public servants (83 Gun, 716 Myon) and 337 questionnaires to residents. In accordance with a result of questionnaire on the Volume-Based Waste Fee System, the rate of participated questionnaire was 70.3% from public servants and 31.8% from residents. (2) From the survey on two chosen villages, the generation of municipal waste was 48.6g/person/day in A Village, 54.3g/person/day in B Village. This amount was smaller than that of national average of 1.05kg because of excluding recyclable wastes and some of incinerated combustible waste. (3) The 14 counties entered the aged society. There were 2 aging societies, 8 aged societies and 4 super-aged societies. And the average ratios of Public financial independence and waste budget of financial independence were 16.1% and 17.9% respectively. These are lower than that of national average of 57.2% and 31.4%. This indicates that these factors seemed to be operated with the hindrance insettling Volume-Based Waste Fee System in the small villages.