An Intervention Study for Hypertension in Small Scale Enterprises based on Transtheoretical and Ecological Model

행동변화단계이론과 생태학적모형을 적용한 소규모 사업장에서의 고혈압관리

  • Jung, Hye Sun (College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea) ;
  • Jhang, Won Gi (College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University)
  • 정혜선 (가톨릭대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 장원기 (순천향대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실)
  • Published : 2006.11.30

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to develop hypertension control programs and to analyse their effects in small scale enterprises(SSE). Method: One program was based on 'Transtheoretical Model and Stages of Change' and named 'Individual Approach'. Another program was based on 'Ecological Model' added to the former theory and named 'Integrating Approach'. The target population of the programs are 33 and 34 workers each. The two intervention programs were conducted for 18 weeks after a pre-intervention survey. Immediately after the programs end, first post-intervention survey was done, and second post-intervention survey was done after 28 weeks. Results: First, at the beginning of intervention, the target workers were evenly distributed over the five stages of Transtheoretical Model. But after the intervention, all workers were found in the maintenance stage. Second, the blood pressure level was diminished in the two programs. In Individual Approach, the workers have lost systolic blood pressure by 17.3 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure by 11.8mmHg. In Integrating Approach, the workers have lost systolic blood pressure by 20.0mmHg and diastolic blood pressure by 15.0mmHg. Conclusion: Integration Approach is more favorable than Individual Approach as an intervention program of hypertension in small scale enterprises.