Relationships among Intrinsic-Extrinsic Motivation, Self-Efficacy, and Creativity

내·외동기, 자기효능감, 창의성의 관계

  • 성은현 (호서대학교 유아교육과)
  • Received : 2006.06.30
  • Accepted : 2006.09.09
  • Published : 2006.10.01

Abstract

Tests of intrinsic-extrinsic motivation, self-efficacy, and creativity were administered to 75 college students. Results were analyzed by Pearson's correlation, partial correlation and Barron and Kenny's(1986) model. The main results were that (1) creativity was positively correlated with intrinsic motivation and negatively correlated with extrinsic motivation. (2) Self-efficacy played an important mediating role in the relationship between extrinsic motivation and creativity, but not in the relationship between intrinsic motivation and creativity, suggesting that extrinsic motivation negatively affects creativity because it lowers self-efficacy, which is intimately related with creativity. (3) The negative effect of extrinsic motivation on creativity was explained by such sub-factors of self-efficacy as self-confidence and preference for difficult tasks, but not by self-regulatory efficacy.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 호서대학교